Marcus Junius Brutus – Julius Caesar Assassin Roman Coins

Brutus Assassin of Julius Caesar Ancient Roman Coin Collection & Guide


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DVFaiq0O3w

Marcus Junius Brutus (also known as Q. Caepio Brutus) was convinced by Decimus Brutus to join him in the assassination of Julius Caesar on the Ides of March (March 15th, 44B.C.). All in all Julius Caesar suffered over 50 wounds before falling dead beneath the statue of Pompey the Great (ironic as that was his rival). Mark Antony was held up outside the senate house while this happened, so he could not come to his aid. After the death of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony gave a famous funeral speech in honor of Julius Caesar in which he read the deceased man’s will, in which he left vast sums of money along with lands to the people of Rome. The sentiment quickly turned against the assassins, even though they were first consider heroes riding the Republic of a “tyrant” and Marcus Junius Brutus, Cassius and many others were forced to flee the city of Rome quickly. This left the city of Rome under the control of Mark Antony and Octavian, later known as Augustus, who was adopted as the son of Caesar in his will. This meant that Augustus was able to use the fame of Julius Caesar to his advantage, and stamp CAESAR on his coins, which allowed him to gain support. The forces of Mark Antony and Octavian Augustus defeated the forces of Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi in ancient Macedonia, in 42 B.C.

Depicted in this article are the coins of some of the most famous assassins, one of them being Deciumus Brutus, lesser known to history, but had played an important role in convincing Marcus Junius Brutus to join his cause. Decimus Brutus received great honor serving under Caesar in his Gallic campaigns (Gaul being modern France area). He also is the one who convinced Julius Caesar not to heed the warnings of his wife, and walked him into the senate house, evading Mark Antony from joining them (who could have came to help Caesar and could have foiled the attempt). Julius Caesar was also warned by a trusted friend by the name of Lepidus the night before of the plot.

Next a coin is shown which is the famous portrait coin of Julius Caesar that was struck fore about a month which featured the portrait of Julius Caesar himself, struck February-March 44 B.C. This being a lifetime portrait issue is one of the important key coins to get in the Julius Caesar coins. His portrait was used on many coins after his death, including by Augustus and Mark Antony. This coin broke the conventions of portraying a living individual on coinage, which strong Republican sentiment was against, having taken away the power of the last king hundreds of years earlier. What is interesting to note is that Brutus winds up minting his own coin with his own portrait, which is another key coin, shown in the video, which can be taken as somewhat hypocritical.

The explanation goes on further to distinguish the coins of Marcus Junius Brutus from the time period of him being the moneyer of the mint of Rome which happened in 54 B.C. In this series, his strong republican values are demonstrated, pointing to his ancestors who were responsible for bringing Rome from the rule of kings to the Republican form of government. His later issues are ones issued by him with his traveling military mint he used his troops. These coins are also interesting, rare and desired by collectors. The most famous coin being the Ides of March denarius, which features the portrait of Brutus on the front naming him Imperator, and the reverse showing the cap of liberty with two daggers on either side, and an inscription below commemorating “IDE MAR” or the Ides of March and the assassination. This was an allusion the the “great deed” that Brutus and the assassins had done for the saving of the Republic.

However after Brutus and Cassius were defeated, Augustus wound up becoming the first Roman emperor, turning Rome from a Roman Republican form form of government to a dictatorship with the ceremonial vestiges of the Senate being present, and the true power residing in the emperor.

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Brutus Assassin of Julius Caesar Ancient Roman Coin Collection & Guide FOR sALE

Guide to Ancient Greek Coins of Sicily Examples on VIDEO

Ancient Coins of Sicily Explained in Video & Article

Learn about the rare Sicilian ancient Greek coins and the cities that struck them

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=petOafNL7D0

A list of all the ancient Greek cities in Sicily which minted coins with examples of them.

The ancient Greek Island of Sicily has a variety of history and amazing coins to explore. Some of the cities had some of the rarest coins possible. The best standard reference work on the subject of these coins is Handbook of Coins of Sicily by Oliver D. Hoover. I cite coins from this book quite often, as HGC 2, (and the coin number). It is full of history and a variety of types not usually seen anywhere. I highly recommend it.

Over the years I have had a collection of thousands of ancient Greek and Roman coins that is over 13,000 items now. This inventory includes some very rare coins from many cities of Sicily.

Some common problems with rare ancient coins in general are:

  • People don’t know exactly what to search for.
  • There are limited amounts of ancient coins available.
  • There is not a lot of information that can help a beginner collect this series.
  • There is usually not one source that has many of the rare types available.

This article is to provide people with solutions to this issue. My name is Ilya Zlobin, and I am an expert, enthusiast, author and dealer in ancient Greek Roman Byzantine and even world coins and medals. The reason for this article is that I believe an educated customer is the best customer, as only someone that knows about a specific subject can appreciate the value and beauty of it. I have many articles and videos on many subjects, teaching about different ancient coins. It took me years of experience to have the inventory I have available for you to explore. When you deal with me, you are leveraging my vast experience of working with over 53,000 items over the years.

This article is full of links to the specific coins and cities and the coins shown here are ones available in my eBay store at the time of the writing of this article. You can use the links to search my store for the specific items, of which I have many. Some links may or may not yield results, but may in the future. So in other words you can use this list  in order to put together a collection, or check back at later dates for certain cities. You city names are quite hard sometimes to spell so it is another way it is really helpful.

Click here to see all coins of ancient Sicily I have available.

A List of the Cities that Issued Coins in Ancient Sicily

This list of ancient Sicilian cities is comprehensive, including some of the super rare mints which are usually not seen. If you decide to put together a collection, you can click on each of the cities below of your interest and search my eBay store with over 14,000 items for those specific coins. You can also use the list below for your own searches.

or Explore all coins of Sicily


AITNA in SICILY after 210BC Ancient Greek City Coin Apollo Warrior i37922 Rare

Greek city of Aitna in Sicily
Bronze 18mm (3.38 grams) after 210 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1018 var. (three dot in field to left and head left); Calciati III, S. 148, Em. 8
Radiate bust of Apollo right, wearing chlamys.
AITNAIΩN, Warrior standing facing, head right, holding spear and shield; three pellets in field to left.

The Syracusan colonists expelled from Katane in 461 B.C. founded a new settlement about ten miles to the north-west, ad to this place they transferred the name of Aitna which they had previously bestowed upon Katane. 

AKRAGAS in SICILY 420BC Hemidrachm Crab Hare Eagle Ketos Fish Silver Coin i40761

Greek city of Akragas in Sicily
Silver Hemidrachm 15mm (1.84 grams) Struck circa 420-406 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 105; SNG ANS 1010–3
Eagle standing right on hare; barley grain to left.
Crab; below, ketos left with fish in its mouth.

SICILY city AKRAI 210BC Underworld queen Demeter Cult Ancient Greek Coin i28403

Greek city of Akrai in Sicily
Bronze 22mm (9.01 grams) After 210 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1014; Calciati III pg. 37, 1; SNG ANS 902ff
Wreathed head of Persephone right.
AKPAIΩN, Demeter standing left, holding torch and sceptre.

ALONTION in SICILY 400BC Hercules Club Quiver Ancient Greek Coin i41711

Greek city of Alontion in Sicily
Bronze 15mm (2.63 grams) Struck circa 400 B.C.
Reference: CNS 6; SNG ANS 1193
Bearded head of Hercules right.
ΑΛΟΝΤΙNON, Club and quiver.

Athl / Atl / AΘA Mint in SICILY Rare 340BC Athena Rare Ancient Greek Coin i47252

 Greek city or town Athl / Atl / AΘA Mint in Northwestern Sicily
Bronze 30mm (26.95 grams) Struck circa 340-330 B.C.
Reference HGC 2, 232; CNS III, p. 287, no. 1
AΘA, Head of Athena in Attic helmet right.
Female figure enthroned right, holding palm branch or scepter and grounded bow; all within incuse circle.

* Numismatic Note: This mint’s name has been previously misread as AΘΛ (Athl), in light of modern numismatic scholarship, AΘA is actually a Doric abbreviation for Athena. So therefore, the name of this mint is unknown. What is known is that the larger bronzes were re-struck on Syracusan issues from the period of 375-345 B.C.

ERYX Sicily 400BC Female & Crab Rare Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i28255

Greek city of Eryx in Sicily
Bronze 11mm (1.56 grams) Struck circa 400-330 B.C.
Reference: Calciati I pg. 288, 28 var.; Gabrici pg. 131, 46-48
Female head right.
Crab.

Gela in Sicily 339BC Rare Ancient Greek Coin Demeter River god Gelas i41739

Greek city of Gela in Sicily
Bronze 15mm (2.90 grams) Struck circa 339-310 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1099; Jenkins 549; B.M.C. 2.77-8
ΓΕΛΩΙΩΝ, Head of Demeter three-quarter face to right, wreathed with corn.
Bearded head of river-god Gelas left, horned, and wreathed with horn.

HIMERA Greek city in SICILY 420BC Hemilitron Large Ancient Coin Gorgon i37118

Greek city of Himera in Sicily
Bronze Hemilitron 24mm (15.98 grams) Struck circa 450-420 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1105; B.M.C. 2.,p.39,27-30
Gorgon’s head facing.
Six pellets.

* Numismatic Note: Fantastic coin in the most fantastic condition you can find, especially such a rarity!

Hybla Megala in Sicily 210BC Hyblaia Modius Dionysus Panther Greek Coin i38058

Greek City of Hybla Megala in Sicily
Bronze 19mm (7.30 grams) After 210 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1115; Calciati III pg. 41, 1; SNG ANS 195ff
Veiled head of Hyblaia right, wearing modius; behind, bee.
ΥΒΛΑΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΑΣ, Dionysus standing left, holding kantharos and scepter, panther leaping up at feet.

Iaitia in Sicily 241BC Zeus Hercules Authentic Ancient Greek Coin RARE i38057

Greek City of Iaitia in Sicily
Bronze 17mm (2.26 grams) After 241 B.C.
Reference: BMC – . SNG Cop. 333 var. SNG ANS – . SNG München – . Calciati I, S. 384, 6
Laureate head of Zeus left.
IAITOY, Hercules

Alaisa “Kainon” in Sicily 360BC Rare Ancient Greek Coin Griffin Horse i43976

Greek city of Alaisa ” Kainon” in Sicily
Bronze 23mm (8.72 grams) Struck 360-340 B.C.
Reference: Calciati I pg. 252, 10; SNG ANS 1175ff
Griffin running left; grasshopper below.
Horse prancing left, reins loose; star above, KAINON in exergue.

Kamarina in Sicily 413BC Authentic Ancient Greek Coin OWL Athena i46586

Greek city of Kamarina in Sicily
Bronze Trias 15mm (3.36 grams) Struck 413-405 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1063; B.M.C. 2.40
Head of Athena left, in crested helmet ornamented with wing.
KAMA – Owl standing left, head facing, holding lizard in right claw; in exergue, three pellets.

Katane in Sicily 413BC Ancient Greek Coin River god Winged thunderbolt i37312

Greek city of Katane in Sicily
Bronze 12mm (1.93 grams) Struck 413-404 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1067; Gabrici (La monetazione del bronzo nella Sicilia antica), pl. 2,7
AMENANOΣ, Horned head of young river-god Amenanos left.
Winged thunderbolt dividing small K – A.

Kentoripai (Centuripae) in Sicily 211BC Ancient Greek Coin Demeter Plough i41811

Greek city of Kentoripai (Centuripae) in Sicily
Bronze Hexas 17mm (3.95 grams) Struck 211-200 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1084; B.M.C. 2.15; SNG Lloyd 928; Calciati 7; Campana 5
Bust of Demeter right, wreathed with corn; behind, tripod.
KENTOPIПINΩN, Plough right, bird right on the share; two pellets in field to left.

Kephaloidion in Sicily 344BC Ancient Greek Coin Pegasus winged horse i36972

Greek city of Kephaloidion in Sicily
Bronze 13mm (2.26 grams) Struck 344-336 B.C.
Reference: Calciati pg. 371, 3; SNG ANS -.
Head of Hercules right, wearing lion’s skin headdress.
Pegasus flying right.

LEONTINOI in SICILY 475BC Lion Corn grain Ancient Silver Greek Coin i18500

Greek city of Leontinoi in Sicily
Silver Obol 12mm (0.49 grams) Struck 475-466 B.C.
Reference: Sear 828; B.M.C. 2.19
Lion’s head facing.
ΛEON – Corn-grain.

MENAINON in SICILY 2ndCenBC Hercules Club QUADRANS Ancient Greek Coin i46600

Greek city of Menainon in Sicily
Bronze Quadrans 17mm (2.64 grams) Struck late 2nd Century B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 763; CNS III, pp. 188-189, nos. 12-12/6
Bearded head of Hercules right.
MENAINΩN, club; mark of value, three pellets below.

MESSANA in SICILY 480BC Tetradrachm Rare Silver Greek Coin Hare Chariot i40765

Greek city of Messana in Sicily
Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (17.38 grams) Struck circa 480-461 B.C.
Reference: SNG München 363 var.; Caccamo Caltabiani 218, 97 var.; Randazzo 59, 162 var.
Charioteer driving biga of mules right; leaf in exergue.
ΜΕSSΕ-N-ΙΟ-N, Hare springing right.

Messana in Sicily under Mamertini 220BC Greek Coin Ares Cult Dioskouros i46604

Greek city of  Messana in Sicily
under the name of Mamertini “Sons of Mars”
Bronze Pentonkion 27mm (10.14 grams) Struck circa 220-200
Reference: Sear 1143; B.M.C. 2. 32
Laureate head of  Ares left.
MAMEPTINΩN – Horseman (Dioskouros) standing left, holding spear and touching the head
of his horse standing left behind him; Π in field to left.

NAXOS in SICILY 461BC Silver Hexonkian Dionysus Kantharos Greek Coin i38811

Greek city of Naxos in Sicily
Silver Hexonkion – Hemilitron 8mm (0.18 grams) Struck circa 461-430 B.C.
Reference: Cahn 97 var. (V64/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Campana 12; Rizzo –; SNG ANS (Part 5) 1360 (same obv. die); SNG Lloyd –; SNG München –; Weber 618

Head of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath.
Kantharos; six pellets around (mark of value).

Very rare.

PANORMOS in SICILY 3rdCenBC Athena Persephone R1 Ancient Greek Coin i43658

Greek city of Panormos in Sicily
Bronze 23mm (9.99 grams) Struck late third-early second centuries B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1065 (R1); CNS I, pp. 331-332, nos. 12-12/6
ΠΑΝΟΡ/ΜΙΤΑΝ, Head of Athena in Corinthian helmet right.
Head of Persephone left, werated with grain.

PETRA in SICILY 340BC Zeus Aphrodite RARE Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i47250

Greek city of Petra in Sicily
Bronze 32mm (34.09 grams) struck circa 340-330 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1097 (R2); CNS III, p.317, no. 1
ΠΕΤΡΙΝΩΝ, Head of bearded Zeus right.
Aphrodite enthroned right, holding dove.

Not much is known about the settlement, although it could be believed it was fortified as it’s name translates to “the Rock”. Numismatic evidence locates the city to have been located in the area of northwestern Sicily, and that it was founded before circa 350 B.C. The city gave itself over to Roman control in 254 B.C. during the First Punic War. The community survived until the second century A.D.

SEGESTA in SICILY 410BC Hound Dog Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i43985

Greek city of Segesta in Sicily
Bronze Triantes 19mm (7.95 grams) Struck 410-400 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1181
Head of Aigiste right, wearing sphendone.
Hound standing right, four round punched value marks around.

Solus in Sicily 2ndCenBC Dolphin Tuna Fish Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i43653

Greek city of Solus in Sicily
Bronze 12mm (2.17 grams) Struck late second-early first centuries B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1269 (R3); CNS I, p. 312, no. 17
COΛΟΝ/ΤΙΝWΝ, dolphin leaping right.
Tuna swimming right.

Syracuse in Sicily 344BC Timoleon Ancient Greek Coin Athena Dolphins i46625

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
Time of Timoleon
Bronze Litra 30mm (31.71 grams) Struck 344-336 B.C.
Reference:  Sear 1189; B.M.C. 2. 287
ΣΥΡΑ, Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet bound with olive-wreath.
Starfish between two dolphins.

Syracuse in Sicily AGATHOKLES 317BC Persephone Bull Dolphins Greek Coin i46589

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
Agathokles ( Agathocles)- Tyrant of Syracuse 317-289, King of Sicily 304-289 B.C.
Bronze 23mm (9.04 grams) Struck circa 317-310 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1444
ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, Head of Persephone left, wreathed with grain; symbol behind.
Bull charging left; dolphin above and below; NK monogram above.

Syracuse Sicily 270BC King Hieron II Ancient Greek Coin Poseidon Trident i39151

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
Bronze 20mm (7.13 grams) under king Hieron II, 270-215 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1223; B.M.C. 2. 603
Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia.
Ornamented trident-head, between two dolphins, dividing IEPΩ – NOΣ.

Hieronymus Tyrant of Syracuse Sicily & Ally of Hannibal Greek Coin i36807 Rare

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
under Hieronymus – King: 215-214 B.C.
Bronze 22mm (8.97 grams) Struck circa 215-214 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1224 var.; Calciati 204 R 13. R.R.; Holloway, The Thirteen Months Coinage of Hieronymus of Syracuse, 76a; SNG ANS 1038.
Diademed head of Hieronymos left, beardless.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΙΕΡΩNYMOY above and below winged thunderbolt, above and below which T A.

Tauromenion Sicily 275BC Apollo & Tripod Genuine Ancient Greek Coin i24847

Greek city of Tauromenion in Sicily
Bronze 23mm (7.26 grams) Struck 275-212 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1243; B.M.C. 2.46
Laureate head of Apollo left; behind bee.
TAYPOMENITAN, Tripod-lebes.

Thermai Himeraiai in Sicily 3rdCenBC Hercules Tyche Ancient Greek Coin i45559

Greek city of Thermai Himeraiai in Sicily
Bronze 20mm (6.41 grams) Struck second century B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1622 (R3); CNS I, p. 117, no.20
Bearded head of Hercules wearing the lion skin headdress right.
ΘEPMI/TAN, Tyche standing left, holding phiale and cornucopia.

TYNDARIS in SICILY 254BC Dioscuri Gemini Twins Female Ancient Greek Coin i43660

Greek city of Tyndaris in Sicily
Bronze 22mm (8.38 grams) Struck circa 254-214 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1634 (R1); CNS I, pp. 80-81, nos. 12-12/3
ΤΥΝΔΑΡΙΤΑΝ, Female head left.
ΣΩΤΗΡΕΣ, Dioscuri charging left on horseback. 


Sicily Ancient Greek Coins Guide and Collection for Sale on eBay


Ancient Coins of SicilyDownload this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS

 

Greek Imperial aka Roman Provincial Coins Explained By Expert on Video

Guide to Roman Provincial / Greek Imperial Ancient Coins and Collection – ARTICLE with VIDEO‏

Learn about the amazing ancient Roman coins of the provinces of Greece and beyond

The Roman Empire spread way beyond Italy in ancient times. The territories under their control were allowed to keep their culture and their Greek language. They were also allowed to issue coins locally. These coins had Greek inscriptions on them, a lot of the times and include a myriad of reverses that were important to the local people living in the area.
The standard reference work on these coins is Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values by David R. Sear. This work is a great bird’s eye view of many Greek Imperial or otherwise known as Roman Provincial coins. Every emperor is included there, including some cultures that were present during the times of the Roman empire. Additional references are given to coins that were quasi-autonomous, or in other words, struck without the portrait of the emperor. Some of them are interesting and feature the portrait of the Roman Senate and Roma.
Overall, this is an interesting subject to learn about, explore and to collect. The advantage is that you can have reverse designs that you would not have on the Roman Imperial coins themselves, which featured strictly Roman motifs most of the time. Also to note, that some emperors, which are at times referred to as usurpers only issued coins in the province or city under their control. So you can only have a Roman provincial coin of them. Another benefit of Roman provincial coins is that they feature portraits of the imperial family which are otherwise not present on Roman Imperial coins. So, in conclusion, Greek Imperial or Roman Provincial coins made an amazing addition and make any ancient Roman coin collection more complete and more fascinating.
You can find a selection of over 1000 Roman provincial ancient coins not listed here. Seeing them is very simple by clicking here to go to my store, and then scrolling down to the appropriate Ancient ROMAN PROVINCIAL Coins  category. There is more than one so it is great to check both out. You can also get more familiar with how to use my store by clicking here.

An Overview of Different Ancient Roman Provincial / Greek Imperial Coins

This section features a selection of 27 different ancient coin types that are covered in my video above. You can learn a lot more about them by exploring my eBay store. I just picked out some of the nicest quality, and some of the rarest Roman provincial coins that I have. One of them even being a type that I believe may be a unique or unpublished example. You can learn a lot from the coins given below. Enjoy. 

CALIGULA 37AD Silver Drachm Caesarea Cappadocia Ancient Roman Coin i43636 RARE

Caligula – Roman Emperor: 37-41 A.D.
Silver Drachm 17mm (3.49 grams) mint of Caesarea in Cappadocia
Reference: Sear GIC 397; RSC 12; Sydenham 48; S. 48; B.M.C. 102; R.I.C. 8
C. CAESAR AVG. GERMANICVS, Bare head right.
IMPERATOR PONT. MAX. AVG. TR. POT., Simpulum and lituus.

OTHO 69AD Alexdandria Egypt Tetradrachm Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i47975

Otho – Roman Emperor: 69 A.D. –
Billon Tetradrachm 24mm (12.52 grams) of Alexandria in Egypt
Regnal Year 1, 69 A.D.
Reference: Dattari 328; Köln 249; Milne 366; Curtis 2393; Emmett 185; RPC I 5361
AYTOK. MARK. OΘΩΝΟΣ ΚΑΙΣ. ΣΕΒ., Laureate head right, LA (regnal date) before.
KPA TH ΣIΣ, Kratesis standing facing, head left, holding Nike and trophy.

OTACILIA SEVERA 244AD HEKATES Roman PHRYGIA Laodiceia ad Lycum Coin i46366 RARE

Otacilia Severa – Roman Empress: 244-249 A.D wife of Philip I ‘TheArab’
Bronze 31mm (14.41 grams) of PHRYGIA. Laodiceia ad Lycum
Reference: Sear GIC 4036; B.M.C.25.323,255
MARK. ΩΤΑΚΙΛ. CЄBHPA CЄB., Draped bust right.
ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕΩΝ ΝΕΩΚΟΡΩΝ, Hekate triformis, holding torch in each hand.

Ostensibly conceived as a cthonic goddess, similar to that of Artemis, Hekate was later transformed and associated with witches, ghosts, and curses. Similar to the Roman Trivia, her image was set up on boundaries to keep out evil spirits. The cult likely traced itself from Caria, with the most prominent cult site being Lagina where there are names stememming from Hekate are attested (derived from Hekatos, or “far-shooting”, an epithet of Apollo).

Divus AUGUSTUS and LIVIA after14AD Hispalis Spain Ancient Roman Coin i46784

Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Divus Augustus and Livia
Bronze 35mm (23.89 grams) of Hispalis in Spain after 14 A.D.
Reference: Sear GIC 189; Heiss 393,2; Cohen 169,3
PERM. DIVI AVG. COL. ROM. – Radiate head of Augustus right; thunderbolt before, star above.
IVLIA AVGVSTA GENETRIX ORBIS – Head of Livia left; globe beneath, crescent above.

DOMITIAN Judaea Capta Caesarea Paneas 83AD Victory Nike Roman Coin Rare i47989

Domitian – Roman Caesar: 69-81 A.D. Emperor: 81-96 A.D. –
JUDAEA CAPTA TYPE
Bronze 19mm (4.62 grams) Caesarea Paneas in Judaea mint: 83/84 A.D.
under Herod Agrippa II
Reference: Hendin 1317 (5th Edition)
ΔΟΜΕΤ ΚΑΙ ΓΕΡΜΑΝ, Laureate head right.
ΕΤΟ ΚΔ ΒΑ ΑΓΡΙΠΠΑ, Nike ( Victory ) standing right, left foot on helmet, writing on a shield which rests on her left knee.

CALIGULA and CAESONIA 39AD Carthago Nova Spain Ancient Roman Coin RARE i46743

Caligula – Roman Emperor: 37-41 A.D.
Caligula and Caesonia
Bronze 28mm (11.72 grams) of Carthago Nova in Spain
Reference: Sear GIC 419; Heiss 272,35; Cohen 247,1
C. CAESAR AVG. GERMANIC. IMP.P.M.T.P. COS., Laureate head of Caligula right.
CN. ATEL. FLAC. CN. POM. FLAC. II. VIR. Q.V.I.N.C., Head of Caesonia right; SAL.-AVG. across field.

Married to Caligula in 39 A.D., she shared the fate of her husband after his assassination, when she was murdered with her infant daughter Drusilla.

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 193AD Laodicea ad Mare Silver Tetradrachm Roman Coin i46358

Septimius Severus – Roman Emperor: 193-211 A.D. –
Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (13.11 grams) of Laodicea ad Mare
Reference: Sear GIC 2261 var.; Prieur 1149 (94 spec.)
AVT. KAI. CЄOYHPOC CЄ., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
ΔHMAPX. ЄΞ. YΠATOC TO Γ., Eagle standing facing, looking left, holding wreath in beak; star between legs.

AUGUSTUS Victory Over Brutus Cassius Assasins of Julius Caesar Roman Coin i47406

  Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Bronze 19mm (3.94 grams) from the city of Philippi in Northern Greece,
Macedonia circa 27 B.C. -10 B.C.
Reference: BMC 23; Sear 32
VIC AVG, Victory  standing  left.
3 legionary Standards, ‘COHOR PRAEPHIL’

ANTONINUS PIUS & MARCUS AURELIUS Cyprus Mint LARGE Ancient Roman Coin i46372

Antoninus Pius – Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D.
Antoninus Pius & Marcus Aurelius
Bronze 31mm (21.30 grams) of Cyprus
Reference: Sear GIC 1523; B.M.C. 24.84,48
AVT. K. T. AIΛ. AΔP. ANTΩNINOC CЄB. Є., Laureate  head of Antoninus Pius right.
M. AVPHΛIOC KAICAP VIOC CЄBAC, Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Murcus  Aurelius right.

TRAJAN 115AD Silver Tetradrdachm Alexandria Egypt Zeus Ancient Roman Coin i46271

Trajan – Roman Emperor : 98-117 A.D. –
Billon Silver Tetradrachm 23mm (9.54 grams) of Alexandria in Egypt
Year 19 of reign, 115/116 A.D.
Reference: Dattari 692 variant
AVT TPAIAN API CЄB ΓЄPM ΔAKIK, laureate head right, star in field to right.
Draped bust of Zeus right, LI Θ (date) across fields.

NERO 63AD Serapis Alexandria Egypt Tetradrachm Ancient Silver Roman Coin i46361

Nero – Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. –
Billon Silver Tetradrachm 25mm (12.31 grams) of Alexandria in Egypt
Year 10 = 63/64 A.D.
Reference: Milne 222; Koln 160; RPC 5274; Sear 5 #2001; Dattari 251
NEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP, radiate head right.
AYTO KPA, draped bust of Serapis right, LI before.

NERO & AGRIPPINA Jr. Rape of Persephone by Hades Nysa Lydia Roman Coin i44411

Nero – Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. –
Bronze 19mm (4.90 grams) of Nysa in Lydia
Reference: Rare, possibly unpublished type
Jugate heads of Nero and his mother Agrippina Jr. Right.
“Rape of Persephone Scene” Hades in galloping quadriga (four horse chariot) abducting the protesting Persephone, whom he holds in his right arm.

* Numismatic Note; This is a very rare, possibly only one known of it’s kind. I have searched various database and could not find a match with the obverse type. Additionally the abduction of Persephone by Hades is a very intersting and rare motif that some collectors enjoy.

Hades the ancient Greek god of the underworld, can’t help but to abduct the beautiful Persephone, the daughter of Demeter. Being the goddess of agriculture, Demeter is so sad that nothing grows in the world. Zeus interjects as the people grow hungry from this and gets the return of Persephone to her mother. However, Hades tricks Persephone into eating a pomegranate and because she tasted the fruit of the underworld, she must return for one third of the year, which are attributed to the winter months. This myth explains the seasons in the ancient times.

MAXIMINUS I Thrax Medallion Tarsus Cilicia HERCULES TELEPHOS Roman Coin i44110

Maximinus I ‘Thrax’ – Roman Emperor: 235-238 A.D. –
Bronze Medallion 38mm (25.88 grams) from
Referenc: SNG France 1613; SNG Levante 1098
AVT. K. Γ. IOV. OVH. MAΞΙΜЄΙΝΟC, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Π-Π in field.
TAPCOV THC MHTPOΠΟΛЄW, Hercules standing right, holding club resting on bull’s head, lion skin, and the child Telephus, who leans forward to pet a deer; tree with birds in background; A / M / K / Γ / B in field to left.

This charming reverse type depicting Hercules and his son Telephus derives from a 4th century BC Greek sculpture. Roman copies of this work survive, the finest of which is belongs to the Louvre.

Tiberius & Drusus & Germanicus Rare HUGE Ancient Roman Coin of Spain i11627

Tiberius – Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. –
Bronze As 27mm (10.77 grams) of Colonia Romula (Seville), Spain
Reference: RPC 74; Burgos (1992) 1588
PERM DIVI AVG COL ROM, laureate head of Tiberius left.
GERMANICVS CAESAR DRVSVS CAESAR, confronted heads of Germanicus & Drusus.

PONTIUS PILATE Ancient Biblical Roman Jerusalem Coin JESUS CHRIST Time i36578

Pontius Pilate – (chiefly known for crucifixion of Jesus) ruled 26-36 A.D.
Procurator of Judaea under Emperor Tiberius, Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D.
Bronze Prutah 15mm (1.86 grams) Jerusalaem 30-31 A.D.
Reference: Hendin 1342.
Lituus, surrounded by TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC.
Date LIZ (= year 18 = 31 C.E.) within wreath.

* Numismatic Note: Authentic ancient biblical coin, issued by the Roman procurator whom had Jesus Christ crucified. Very rare, unique piece of ancient history.

MAXIMUS PRUSA ADHYPIUM Anteus Nude Hercules gripping Anteus Roman Coin i22423

Maximus – Caesar under Maximinus: 235-238 A.D.
Bronze As 23mm (6.77 grams) of Prusa ad Hypium in Bithynia
Γ. ΙΟVΛ. ΟVΗΡ. ΜΑΞΙΜΟC K, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
ΠΡΟVCIEΩN ΠΡΟC VΠIΩ, Hercules gripping Anteus in bear hug and lifting him from the ground, making weak for him to defeat him.

* Numismatic Note: Very rare ruler and very rare ancient roman provincial city,
along with rare reverse type.

JULIA DOMNA THREE NAKED WOMEN GRACES Rare Ancient Roman Coin i12371

Julia Domna – Roman Empress Wife of Emperor Septimius Severus 193-211 A.D. –
Bronze 24mm (7.20 grams) from the city of Marcianopolis 193-209 A.D.
IOVΛIA ΔOMNA CEB, draped bust right.
MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, The Three Graces, Aglaea, Euphrosyne and Thalia, standing side-by-side facing, nude, arms around each other’s shoulders.

CARACALLA 198AD Nicopolis under Aurelius Gallus Big Roman Coin VICTORY i23619

Caracalla – Roman Emperor: 198-217 A.D. –
Bronze 26mm (12.85 grams) of Nicopolis ad Istrum in Moesia Inferior
under Magistrate Aurelius Gallus circa 198-209 A.D.
AV K. M AVP ANTΩNEINO, laureate head right.
VΠ AVP ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOLITΩN ΠPOC I, Victory on globe left, holding wreath and palm.

* Numismatic Note: Fantastic quality coin with beautiful emerald-green patina.

CLAUDIUS & BRITANNICUS Rare Ancient Greek Coin Countermark of Apollo i22441

Claudius – Roman Emperor: 41-54 A.D. –
Claudius & Britannicus
Bronze 26mm (8.14 grams) of Thessalonica in Macedonia circa 45-50 A.D.
Reference: S. 497; B.M.C. 5.118,81; RPC 1588
TI. KΛΑΥΔΙΟC KAICAP CЄBA. Bare head of Claudius left.
BPЄTANNIKOC ΘЄCCAΛONIK. Bare head of Britannicus left; all within laurel-wreath, countermark of Apollo before face.

ANTONINUS PIUS Marcus Aurelius Father Ancient RomanCoin ARES Mars Cult i14350

Antoninus Pius – Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D.
Bronze 18mm (4.68 grams) of Philippopolis in Thrace
AVT K ANTΩNEINOC CEB, bare bust right.
ΦIΛIIΠΠOΠOΛEIT, Nude Ares standing left, holding patera and spear.

TITUS & DOMITIAN CAESARS 77AD Stobi Macedonia Roman Coin Dionysus Temple i28335

Titus & Domitian as Caesars
Bronze 25mm (5.10 grams) of Stobi in Macedonia Struck 77-78 A.D.
Reference: RPC 311; Boric-Breskovic, Stobi, p. 29, Type 3; AMNG III -; Varbanov 3805
T CAESAR IMP DOMITIANVS CAESAR, Laureate and draped bust of Titus right vis-à-vis bare head of Domitian left.
MVNICIPI STOBENSIVM, tetra-style temple on podium with two steps; inside, Dionysus standing left; clipeus in pediment.

SEVERUS ALEXANDER Caesarea Cappadocia Mt. Argeus Aquila Eagle Roman Coin i44143

Severus Alexander – Roman Emperor: 222-235 A.D.
Bronze 26mm (12.71 grams) of Caesarea in Cappadocia
Dated Regnal Year 6, 227/228 A.D.
Reference: Sydenham, Caesarea 565 var.
AV K CЄ OVHPOC ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
MHTPO KAICAPI, Mt. Argaeus surmounted by eagle; aquilae flanking, ЄT ς (date) in exergue.

MACRINUS 218AD Deultum Thrace ANDROMEDA PERSEUS SEA MONSTER Roman Coin i40772

Macrinus – Roman Emperor: 217-218 A.D. –
Bronze 22mm (8.48 grams) of Deultum in Thrace
Reference: Draganov 119 (O19/R587); Youroukova 61; Varbanov 2129
IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
COL FL PAC DEVLT, Perseus standing left, holding a harpa and Medusa‘s head with his left hand, using his right hand to help Andromeda down off some rocks; dead sea monster at feet.

Augustus 27BC Amphipolis Macedon Rare Ancient Roman Coin Artemis Bull i30611

Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Bronze 22mm (6.34 grams) of Greek city of Amphipolis in Macedon 27 B.C. – 10 A.D.
Reference: RPC 1629; SNG ANS 160 var.
KAIΣΑΡOΣ ΣЄBACTOΣ – Bare head of Augustus right.
ΑΜΦΙΠΟΛЄΙΤΩΝ – Artemis Tauropolos riding on bull galloping right, veil flowing above.

CLAUDIUS Philippi Julius Caesar & Augustus Statues Ancient Roman Coin i40538

Claudius – Roman Emperor: 41-54 A.D. –
Bronze 26mm (12.58 grams) of the City of Philippi in Macedonia Struck 41-54 A.D.
Reference: Sear GIC 428; B.M.C. 5.98,25; Cohen 260, 117
TI. CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG. P.M. TR. P. IMP. – Bare head of Claudius left.
COL AVG IVL PHILIP, cippus inscribed with DIVVS
AVG in two lines, on which stand statues of
Augustus (to left) & Caesar (to right), altar on either side of cippus.

OTACILIA SEVERA 244AD Ancient Roman Coin HYGEIA Salus Serpent Very rare i20496

Otacilia Severa – Roman Empress: 244-249 A.D wife of Emperor Philip I –
Bronze 21mm (4.63 grams) of Deultum in Thrace circa 244-249 A.D.
MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right.
COL F L PAC DEVLT, Hygeia standing right, feeding a serpent from a patera.

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 193AD Nicopolis Ancient Roman Coin Nude HERMES i22612

Septimius Severus – Roman Emperor: 193-211 A.D. –
Bronze 15mm (2.18 grams) of Nicopolis ad Istrum in Moesia Inferior 193-211 A.D.
AV K Λ CEVHPOC, laureate head right.
NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTP, Hermes, nude, standing left with money-pouch and caduceus.

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Constantine the Great Family & Enemy Ancient Roman Coins Educational Article with Video

CONSTANTINE the GREAT Family & Enemy Ancient Roman Coins Educational Article with Video

Coins of Constantine and related coins including family such as Saint Helena and more. Video discusses these coins in more detail.

Constantine the Great was Roman emperor from 307-337 A.D. His father was Constantius I ‘Chlorus’ and mother was Helena, also known as Saint Helena.
In this article, I explore different coins of Constantine I the Great and related. Watch the video above where I talk about these coins in more detail.
My name is Ilya Zlobin, and I am an expert, enthusiast, author and dealer specializing in ancient Greek Roman and Byzantine coins. You can visit   online coin shop on eBay.

Constantine I ‘The Great’ – Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D.
Caesar (Recognized): 306-309 A.D. | Filius Augustorum (Recognized): 309-310 A.D. | Augustus (Self-Proclaimed): 307-310 A.D. | Augustus (Recognized): 310-337 A.D. |

Son of Constantius I and Helena | Step-son of Theodora | Husband of Minervina and Fausta | Father (by Minervina) of Crispus and (by Fausta) of Constantine II, Constantius II, Constans, Constantina (wife of Hanniballianus & Constantius Gallus) and Helena the Younger (wife of Julian II) | Son-in-law of Maximian and Eutropia | Brother-in-law of Maxentius | Half-brother of Constantia (w. of Licinius I) | Half-uncle of Delmatius, Hanniballianus, Constantius Gallus, Julian II, Licinius II and Nepotian | Grandfather of Constantia (wife of Gratian) |

The Coins of Constantine the Great and Related

Below is a link to some of the finest examples of ancient Roman coins of Constantine the Great and the related family. Reading this article and watching this video will help you also become an expert in these types of coins. Some of the advantages of collecting coins of this period, is that they are some of the most affordable coins of the time period. Also reading this article and watching this video, you can learn more about the more rare types of coins that are available so you know exactly what to look for. With 27 high quality and rare examples illustrated here, you can also explore more in my eBay Store. With over 13,000 coins and artifacts to choose from, you may find exactly what you are looking for. Every item is guaranteed authentic for a lifetime, comes with a beautiful certificate of authenticity (professionally researched, leveraging my many years of experience) FREE, and a 30 day unconditional money back satisfaction guarantee. You can make an offer on almost my entire inventory, so you can always find some amazing discounts and deals on ancient coins. I believe in having my patrons return for a lifetime, so satisfaction is my goal. If you haven’t bought a coin in the best, you are  in the right hands dealing with someone whom is both passionate and professional in the subject .        

Divo CONSTANTIUS I Chlorus CONSECRATIO 306AD Eagle Constantine the Great i43470

Constantius I  ‘Chlorus’ – Roman Emperor: 305-306 A.D.
Father of Constantine I the Great
Bronze Follis 29mm (10.49 grams) Lugdunum mint, circa 306-307 A.D.
Deification Issue Under Constantine the Great
Reference: Bastien, Lyon, 387 (30 specimens); RIC 202. Cohen 26 (2 Fr.)
DIVO CONSTANTIO AVG, head laureate right.
CONSECRATIO, eagle with spread wings standing right, head turned back and looking upwards.

* Numismatic Note: Super rare coin.    

HELENA Constantine the Great mother STAR 318AD Very Rare Roman Coin i19012

Helena ‘known as Saint Helena’– Mother of Constantine the Great –
Bronze Follis 19mm (3.39 grams) Thessalonica mint: 318-319 A.D.
Reference: RIC VII 50; Kent-Hirmer pl. 162, 637; LRBC 821
Pedigree: Ex Gorny & Mosch
HELENA N F, draped bust right.
Eight-pointed star in laurel wreath.        

Theodora stepmother of Constantine I the Great Rare Ancient Roman Coin i42096

Theodora – wife of Constantius I, stepmother of Constantine I and mother-in-law of Licinius
Commemorative struck after her death
Bronze AE4 16mm (1.84 grams) Struck Posthumously at the mint of Trier circa 337-340 A.D.
Reference: Trier RIC 56
FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, diademed, draped bust right
PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, holding a child at her breast, mintmark TRS dot.        

Constantine I the Great 326AD Ancient Roman Coin Military camp gate i40647

Constantine I ‘The Great’ – Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Bronze AE3 19mm (2.82 grams) Thessalonica mint: 326-328 A.D.
Reference: RIC 153 (VII, Thessalonica)
CONSTANTINVS AVG – Laureate head right.
PROVIDENTIAE AVG G Exe: ./SMTSЄ – Military Camp gate with two turrets and one star.       

Constantine I The Great 330AD Ancient Roman Coin Standard Glory of Army i39864

Constantine I ‘The Great’ – Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Bronze AE3 18mm (2.34 grams) Heraclea mint: 330-333 A.D.
Reference: RIC 121 (VII, Heraclea)
CONSTANTINVSMAXAVG – Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
GLORIAEXERCITVS Exe: .SMHB. – Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
*Numismatic Note: The reverse legend dedicates this coin to “the Glory of Army ”    

Constantine I The Great 313AD Ancient Roman Coin Sol Sun God Cult i39883

Constantine I ‘The Great’ – Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Bronze AE3 20mm (2.98 grams) Treveri mint circa 313-315A.D.
Reference: RIC 40 (VII, Trier)
IMPCONSTANTINVSAVG – Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
SOLIINVICTOCOMITI Exe: R/X/F/RT – Sol standing left, raising hand and holding globe.        

CONSTANTINE I the GREAT RARE Ancient Roman Coin Victory Over SARMATIANS i39763

Constantine I ‘The Great’ – Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Victory Over SARMATIANS
Bronze 19mm (3.24 grams) Sirmium mint 324-325 A.D.
Reference: RIC 48 (VII, Sirmium)
CONSTANTINVSAVG – Laureate head right.
SARMATIADEVICTA Exe: SIRM – Victory  advancing right, stepping on captive,
holding Trophy  and palm.       

CONSTANTINE I the GREAT Celebrates Victory Over LICINIUS 327AD Roman Coin i44119

Constantine I ‘The Great’ – Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Victory Over Licinius Commemorative
Bronze AE3 18mm (3.30 grams) Constantinople mint: 327 A.D.
Reference: RIC VII 30
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, diademed head right.
CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE, Victory seated left on cippus holding palm in each hand, looking right; before her, trophy at foot of which kneeling captive turning head, spurned by Victory; CONS in exergue.
* Numismatic Note: Rare victory over Licinius issue.    

Constantine I ‘The Great’ 327AD Ancient Roman Coin Victory Over Licinius i41736

Constantine I ‘The Great’- Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Victory Over Licinius
AE3 20mm (3.42 grams) Struck 327 A.D. in Constantinople
Reference: RIC VII 30
CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, diademed head right facing upward.
CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE, Victory seated left on cippus holding palm in each hand, looking right;  before her, trophy at foot of which kneeling captive turning head, spurned by Victory; CONS.
*Numismatic Note: Rare victory over Licinius issue.     

Constantine I The Great 318AD Ancient Roman Coin Two Victories w shield i40584

Constantine I ‘The Great’ – Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Bronze AE3 19mm (3.13 grams) Siscia mint 318 A.D.
Reference: RIC 50 (VII, Siscia)
IMPCONSTANTINVSAVG – Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield.
VICTORIAELAETAEPRINCPERP Exe: HSIS – Two  Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.        

Constantine I The Great 327D Ancient Roman Coin Victory Nike Cult RARE i32263

Constantine I ‘The Great’- Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Bronze AE3 19mm (2.82 grams) Constantinople mint: 327 A.D.
Reference: RIC 18 (VII, Constantinople) R1, LRBC 985
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG – Laureate head right.
LIBERTAS PVBLICA Exe: *B/CONS – Victory standing left on galley, holding wreath in each hand.    

Constantine I The Great 324AD Silvered Ancient Roman Coin Victory Wreath i32416

Constantine I ‘The Great’- Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Silvered Bronze AE3 19mm (4.11 grams) Heraclea mint: 324 A.D.
Reference: RIC 56 (VII, Heraclea)
CONSTANTINVSAVG – Laureate head right.
DNCONSTANTINIMAXAVG Exe: SMHΔ – Wreath, VOT/XXX within.     

CONSTANTINE I the GREAT 325AD OPEN DOOR Camp gate Rare Roman Coin i29420

Authentic Ancient Coin of:

Constantine I ‘The Great’- Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Bronze Follis 19mm (2.94 grams) Arles mint: 325-326 A.D.
Reference: RIC VII 291
CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right.
VIRTVS AVGG, camp gate with 4 turrets, star above, open panelled doors, SA(crescent)RL in exergue.     

CONSTANTINE I Romulus Remus SheWolf Rome Commemorative Ancient Roman Coin i48143

Constantine I ‘The Great’ – Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
ROME CITY COMMEMORATIVE
Bronze AE3 17mm (2.52 grams)  London mint 307-333 A.D.
Reference: cf.S.16526, RIC 257, B 221
VRBSROMA – Roma helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust left.
No legend Exe: Double crescent/PLG – Wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; two stars above.By circa 330 A.D., Constantine the Great completed his new capital for the Roman empire  called Constantinople. For this momentous occasion, he issued two commemorative coin types, one celebrating Rome and the other Constantinople. The type that commemorated Rome had the personification of Rome, Roma with the inscription VRBS ROMA and the founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus on the reverse suckling the she-wolf. The type that commemorated Constantinople had the personification of Constantinople on the obverse and Victory on a galley sailing with a shield. This was a great way for Constantine the Great to pay homage to both Rome and Constantinople.     

Constantine I ‘The Great’ – Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
Founding of New Roman Capital – CONSTANTINOPLE Commemorative –
Bronze AE4 16mm (2.68 grams) London mint  330-333 A.D.
Reference: Possibly Unpublished
CONSTANTINOPLIS – Constantinopolis helmeted, laureate bust left, holding scepter over shoulder.
No legend  Exe: PLG- Victory standing left, stepping on galley prow, cradling scepter and resting
hand on shield.* Numismatic Note: Commemorates founding of Constantinople as new
Roman capital by Constantine I the Great.By circa 330 A.D., Constantine the Great completed his new capital for the Roman empire  called Constantinople. For this momentous occasion, he issued two commemorative coin types, one celebrating Rome and the other Constantinople. The type that commemorated Rome had the personification of Rome, Roma with the inscription VRBS ROMA and the founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus on the reverse suckling the she-wolf. The type that commemorated Constantinople had the personification of Constantinople on the obverse and Victory on a galley sailing with a shield. This was a great way for Constantine the Great to pay homage to both Rome and Constantinople.     

CRISPUS 322AD RARE Possibly Unpublished Trier Ancient Roman Coin Altar i47979

Crispus – Roman Caesar: 317-326 A.D.
Reduced Follis 20mm (2.70 grams) Trier (Treveri) circa 322-323 A.D.
Reference: Rare possibly unpublished type.
CRISPVS NOB CAES, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
BEATA TRANQVILLITAS Exe: PTR, globe on altar inscribed VO TIS XX; three stars above.    

FAUSTA wife of Constantine the Great Ancient Roman Coin SPES Cult HOPE i24226

Fausta – second wife of Constantine I the Great
Bronze AE3 20mm (2.62 grams) Cyzicus mint 326 A.D.
Reference: RIC 50v (Cyzicus)
FLAVMAXFAVSTAAVG – Draped bust right.
SPESREIPVBLICAE Exe: .SMKΓ.- Fausta, as Spes, holding her two sons, Constantine II
and Constantius II.    

CONSTANTINE II Constantine the Great son Ancient Roman Coin Nude SOL SUN i19683

Constantine II ‘Junior’ – Roman Emperor: 337-340 A.D. –
Bronze AE3 20mm (3.22 grams) Struck at the mint of Thessalonica 330-336 A.D.
RIC 23 (VII, Thessalonica)
CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBCAES – Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
CLARITASREIPVBLICAE Exe: TSЄ – Sol standing left raising hand and holding a globe.     

CONSTANS Constantine the Great son 337AD Ancient Roman Coin Phoenix i44293

Constans – Roman Emperor: 337-350 A.D. – 
Bronze AE3 18mm (2.96 grams) Siscia mint: 337-350 A.D.
Reference: RIC 241 (VIII, Siscia), LRBC 1134
DNCONSTANSPFAVG – Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
FELTEMPREPARATIO Exe: ΔSIS – Phoenix standing right on pile of ashes.    

VETRANIO name of CONSTANTIUS II BY THIS SIGN YOU SHALL CONQUER Roman Coin i41798

Vetranio  – Roman Emperor: 350 A.D.
Vetranio in The Name of Constantius II
Bronze AE2 25mm (5.46 grams) Siscia Mint: 350 A.D.
Reference: RIC VIII 291; LRBC 1197
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed & cuirassed bust right, A behind, star to right.
HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS (‘by this sign you shall conquer’), emperor standing left, holding labarum with Chi-Rho & spear; to the right stands Victory, crowning him with wreath & holding palm branch; A in left field, dot GSIS star.    

MAXIMIAN 285AD Ancient Roman Coin Hero Hercules w club & lion skin i27330

Maximian – Roman Emperor: 285-305, 306-308 & 310 A.D. –
Bronze Antoninianus 23mm (4.25 grams) Ticinum mint:  285-288  A.D.
Reference: RIC 545; Cohen 238.
IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing right, nude, holding club with lion skin on rock
pile to right, SXXIT in ex.     

Constantius Gallus 351AD Alexandria mint Ancient Roman Coin Battle Horse i42971

Constantius Gallus – Roman Caesar: 351-354 A.D. –
Bronze AE2 21mm (5.23 grams) Alexandria mint: 351-354 A.D.
Reference: RIC VIII 81
D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; behind bust, delta
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Exe: ALE – helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing fallen
horseman wearing Phrygian helmet.     

DALMATIUS Delmatius 335D Roman Caesar Ancient Genuine Coin LEGIONS i32141

Dalmatius (Delmatius) – Roman Caesar: 335-337 A.D. –
Bronze AE4 17mm (1.51 grams) Thessalonica mint: 335-337 A.D.
Reference: RIC 227 (Thessalonica), LRBC 850
FLDALMATIVSNOBC – Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
GLORIAEXERCITVS Exe: SMTSΔ – Two soldiers either side of one standard.Numismatic Note* The reverse legend dedicates this coin to “the glory of the Army.”    

Julian II Apostate 361AD Huge Ancient Roman Coin Symbol of Taurus BULL i28615

Julian II ‘the Apostate’ – Roman Caesar: 355-361 A.D. – Emperor: 361-363 A.D. –
Bronze AE1 (27mm, 7.25 grams) Thessalonica mint: 361-363 A.D.
Reference: RIC 225.
. DN FL C IVLIANVS P F AVG. pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right.
SECVRITAS REIPVB, bull standing right; palm branch-TESA-palm branch in ex.     

LICINIUS II Junior holds Victory on Globe 320AD Ancient Roman Coin RARE i37420

Licinius II ‘Junior’ – Roman Caesar: 317-324 A.D. –
Bronze Follis 20mm (3.48 grams) Siscia mint: 320 A.D.
Reference: RIC VII, S. 440, 132
LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, Laureate, draped bust left, holding Victory on globe and mappa.
VIRTVS – EXERCIT / S – F / HL / ΔSIS(star in crescent), Vexillum reading VOT/X; seated captive on either side.    

Licinius I Constantine The Great enemy 313AD Ancient Roman Coin Jupiter i44222

Licinius I – Roman Emperor 308-324 A.D. –
Silvered Bronze Follis 24mm (3.44 grams) Struck at the mint of Heraclea
January – February 313 A.D.
Reference: RIC 73 (VII, Heraclea)
IMPCVALLICINLICINIVSPFAVG – Laureate head right.
IOVICONSERVATORIAVGG Exe: Δ/SMHT – Jupiter  standing left, holding Victory
and scepter; eagle to left.

Maxentius Constantine the Great Enemy Ancient Roman Coin Castor & Pollux i44780

Maxentius – Roman Emperor: 307-312 A.D.
Bronze Follis 24mm (6.04 grams) Ostia mint: 309-312 A.D.
Reference: RIC 35 (Ostia), S 3776
IMPCMAXENTIVSPFAVG – Laureate head right.
AETERNITASAVGN Exe: MOST – Castor and Pollux (the Dioscuri) standing, facing each other,
each holding horse by bridle.

Alexander the Great Ancient Greek Coin Types VIDEO

Alexander III the Great King of Macedonia Ancient Coins & Related

Alexander the Great was king of the Macedonian Kingdom from 336-323 B.C. His father was Philip II, who gave him the most quality education, including with the famous philosopher Aristotle. Trained in battle with his father Philip, Alexander did not stay in his father’s shadow and went on to create an empire that is has effects on Western Civilization to this day. The types of coins Alexander introduced, including those in gold, silver and bronze, were used as prototypes of the coins struck hundreds of years after his death. Since his coins were so well known and accepted, for hundreds of years, his types were struck by various other rulers and cities. Coins were struck bearing his portrait and name into the ancient Roman times over 500 years later.  Very interesting series of ancient coins to collect. See some great examples of them here.

See all the different types of Alexander the Great coins available.

See many of the Different Types of Ancient Alexander the Great coins

The standard reference that is used to identify most of the coins of Alexander the Great is called: The coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus: A British Museum catalogue by M. Jessop Price.
So that is what is usually referenced below every coin you will find in my store.

The Coins:

Philip II Alexander the Great Dad OLYMPIC GAMES Ancient Greek Coin Horse i47408

Greek King Philip II of Macedon 359-336 B.C.
Father of Alexander III the Great
Bronze 18mm (6.41 grams) Struck circa 356-336 B.C. in the Kingdom of Macedonia
Commemorating his Olympic Games Victory
Head of Apollo right, hair bound with tainia.
Youth on horse prancing right, ΦIΛIΠΠΟΥ above.* Numismatic Note: Authentic ancient Greek coin of King Philip II of Macedonia, father of Alexander the Great. Fascinating coin referring to his Olympic victories.History and Meaning of the Coin

During the times of ancient Greeks, horse racing was one of the events various Greek city-states and kingdoms would have intense competition with each other, as it was of great prestige to participate. Before the time of Philip II, the kingdom of Macedonia was considered barbarian and not Greek. Philip II was the first king of Macedon that was accepted for participation in the event, which was a great honor all in itself. It was an even greater honor that Philip’s horses would go on to win two horse-racing events. In 356 B.C., he won the single horse event and then in 348 B.C. chariot pulled by two horses event. As a way to proudly announce, or what some would say propagandize these honors, Philip II placed a reference to these great victories on his coins struck in all three metals of bronze, silver and gold. The ancient historian, Plutarch, wrote “[Philip of Macedon] … had victories of his chariots at Olympia stamped on his coins.”

PHILIP III Alexander the Great Half Brother Silver Tetradrachm Greek Coin i44563

Greek Coin of
Macedonian Kingdom
Philip III, Arrhidaeus – King of Macedonia: 323-317 B.C.
Struck under Perdikkas
Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (16.55 grams) Struck circa 323-320 B.C.
Reference: Price P205; SNG München 971
Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; head of Sol in field to left; KY below thrown.

ALEXANDER the GREAT 90BC Silver Greek Tetradrachm coin of PELLA Macedon i46268

Greek city of Pella in Macedonia
Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (16.70 grams) Struck circa 90-75 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1439; Price (Coins of the Macedonians) pl. XVI, 84
Head of Alexander the Great right, with horn of Ammon and flowing hair; MAKEΔΟΝΩΝ beneath, B (reversed) behind.
AESILLAS / Q. above club between money-chest and quaestor’s chair; all within olive-wreath.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT Pella Antigonos II Tetradrachm Silver Greek Coin i46302

Greek Coin of
Macedonian Kingdom
Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C.
Struck under Antigonos II Gonatas: Macedonian King: 277-239 B.C.
Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (16.80 grams) Pella mint, circa: 275-271 B.C.
Reference: Price 621; Müller 230; SNG Copenhagen 713; Mathisen, Administrative VI.6, dies A19/P44
Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; Macedonian helmet in field to left; OK monogram below throne.

Celtic Thrace King KAVAROS Silver Greek Coin name of Alexander the Great i41722

KINGS of THRACE, Celtic.
Kavaros (the last Gaulish King in Thrace) – King: 230-218 B.C.
Silver Tetradrachm 28mm (16.44 grams) Struck at the Kabyle mint circa 230-218 B.C.
In the name and types of Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C.
Reference: Draganov 874–5 var. (unlisted dies); Price 882; Peykov F2010
Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; Artemis Phosphoros in field to left.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 310BC Hercules Zeus Ancient Silver Greek Coin i46352

Greek Coin of
Macedonian Kingdom
Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C.
under: Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC, or king, 306/5-301 BC
Silver Drachm 17mm (4.10 grams) Lampsakos, Struck circa 310-301 B.C.
Reference: Price 1423 var.
Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; mouse in field to left; monogram below throne.

Alexander III the Great as Hercules 336BC Ancient Greek Coin Bow Club i40942

Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 18mm (5.39 grams)
Struck under Alexander the Great circa 336-323 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6739 var.
Head of Alexander III the Great  as Hero Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress.
Hercules’ weapons, bow  in bow-case and club, BA in between.

Alexander III the Great as Hercules 336BC Ancient Greek Coin Bow Club i47432

Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 19mm (5.18 grams)
Struck under Alexander the Great 336-323 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6739 var.
Head of Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress.
Hercules’ weapons, bow in bow-case and club, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ in between.

Alexander III the Great 323BC Shield Helmet Macedonia Ancient Greek Coin i37411

Alexander III the Great  – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 16mm (4.37 grams) Uncertain mint in western Asia Minor, Struck circa 323-310 B.C.
Reference: Price 2801
Macedonian shield with head of Alexander the Great as Hercules 3/4 facing left in center.
Crested helmet; BA across fields.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 336BC Super Rare Shield Helmet Ancient Greek Coin i38104

Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 16mm (3.87 grams) Struck circa 336-323 B.C.
Reference: Price 2808 (obverse), Price 2806 (reverse)
Macedonian shield with head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right in center.
Crested helmet; grain-ear below, BA across fields.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 325BC Shield Helmet Macedonian Greek Coin RARE i39799

Greek Coin of
Macedonian Kingdom
Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 1/2 Unit 16mm (4.26 grams) Uncertain mint in Macedon.
Possible lifetime issue, struck under Antipater, Polyperchon, or Kassander, circa 325-310 B.C.
Reference: Price 417
Macedonian shield; around, five double crescents with five pellets between each; in centre, thunderbolt.
B – A on either side of crested Macedonian helmet, Δ below.

Alexander III the Great 334BC Shield Crested Helmet Ancient Greek Coin i36441

Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 17mm (4.45 grams) Pella or Amphipolis: 334 B.C. LIFETIME ISSUE!
Reference: SNGCop 1120; Liampi M7
Macedonian shield; around, five double crescents with five pellets between each; in centre, thunderbolt.
B – A on either side of Crested Macedonian helmet.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 336BC Hercules Eagle Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i40536

Greek Coin of
Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 16mm (3.49 grams)
Struck under Alexander the Great 336-323 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6743
Alexander III the Great as young Hercules right, clad in lion-skin.
ΑΛΕΞΑΝ-ΔΡΟΥ, Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, looking back; leaf in upper field to left.

Alexander III The Great 336BC Ancient Greek Coin APOLLO Healer HORSE i32123

Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 15mm (3.15 grams) Amphipolis mint: 336-323 B.C.
Reference: Price 338; Sear 6744 cf.; Forrer/Weber 2150 cf.
Head of Apollo right, hair bound with tainia.
Horse prancing right; ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ above, torch below.

Alexander the Great under Ptolemy I Soter 305BC Ancient Greek Coin Eagle i36669

Greek King Ptolemy I, Soter – 305-283 B.C. of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt –
Bronze 25mm (9.44 grams) Struck in Alexandria in Egypt 305-283 B.C.
Reference: Sear 7765; B.M.C. 6.21,66
Head of Alexander the Great right wearing an elephant scalp, symbol of his conquest of India.
ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt.

Alexander the Great Bucephalus Macedonia Koinon Ancient Greek Roman Coin i42066

Alexander III the Great: Macedonian Greek King: 336-323 B.C.
Roman Era, Olympic-Style Games Issue
Bronze 26mm (13.73 grams) from the Koinon of Macedonia in Thrace under Roman Control
Struck circa 222-235 A.D. under the reign of Roman Emperor Severus Alexander
AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose, flowing hair.
KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NEΩ, Alexander the Great on his legendary horse, Bucephalus, galloping right with cape flowing behind him.* Numismatic Note: Leaders like Julius Caesar and the Romans and the Greeks alike had immense respect for the great accomplishments of Alexander the Great. Macedonia, being the kingdom of Alexander the Great’s birth, this coin featuring his likeness heralds the Neocorate status of the area, along with the Olympic-style games that accompanied it. Highly-desirable type.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT Olympic type Games Koinon Macedonia Ancient Coin i27404

Alexander III, the Great: Macedonian Greek King: 336-323 B.C.
Roman Era, Olympic-Style Games Issue
Bronze 27mm (13.00 grams) from the Koinon of Macedonia in Thrace under Roman Control
Struck circa 222-235 A.D. under the reign of Roman Emperor Severus Alexander
AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right as Hercules, wearing lion-skin headdress.
KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NЄΩKO B, Agonistic prize table with two urns atop, each containing a palm branch which was a symbol for victory; amphora (vase) below table; B above table.* Numismatic Note: Leaders like Julius Caesar and the Romans and the Greeks alike had immense respect for the great accomplishments of Alexander the Great. Macedonia, being the kingdom of Alexander the Great’s birth, this coin featuring his likeness heralds the Neocorate status of the area, along with the Olympic-style games that accompanied it. Highly-coveted type.

ALEXANDER the GREAT Roman Macedonia Koinon Greek Area Coin Temples i40532

Alexander III, the Great: Macedonian Greek King: 336-323 B.C.
Roman Era, Olympic-Style Games Issue
Bronze 25mm (11.31 grams) from the Koinon of Macedonia in Thrace under Roman Control
Struck circa 222-235 A.D. under the reign of Roman Emperor Severus Alexander
AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose, flowing hair.
B KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NEΩ, Two temples.* Numismatic Note: Leaders like Julius Caesar and the Romans and the Greeks alike had immense respect for the great accomplishments of Alexander the Great. Macedonia, being the kingdom of Alexander the Great’s birth, this coin featuring his likeness heralds the Neocorate status of the area, along with the Olympic-style games that accompanied it. Highly-coveted type.

Alexander III the Great Olympic Style Games KOINON Ancient Roman Coin i30609

Alexander III, the Great: Macedonian Greek King: 336-323 B.C.
Roman Era, Olympic-Style Games Issue
Bronze 25mm (8.61 grams) from the Koinon of Macedonia in Thrace under Roman Control
Struck circa 222-235 A.D. under the reign of Roman Emperor Severus Alexander
AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose, flowing hair.
KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN B NEΩ, Athena seated left, wearing crested Corinthian style helmet, leaning on shield and holding patera.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT Greek Coin Roman Times KOINON Macedon Coin i28366

Alexander III, the Great: Macedonian Greek King: 336-323 B.C.
Roman Era, Olympic-Style Games Issue
Bronze 25mm (13.24 grams) from the Koinon of Macedonia in Thrace under Roman Control
Struck circa 222-235 A.D. under the reign of Roman Emperor Severus Alexander
AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose, flowing hair.
KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NEΩ, Alexander the Great on his legendary horse, Bucephalus, galloping right, holding spear and cape flowing behind him, star below.

Alexander III the Great Bucephalus Ancient Greek MACEDONIA KOINON Coin i30608

Alexander III, the Great: Macedonian Greek King: 336-323 B.C.
Roman Era, Olympic-Style Games Issue
Bronze 25mm (12.19 grams) from the Koinon of Macedonia in Thrace under Roman Control
Struck circa 222-235 A.D. under the reign of Roman Emperor Severus Alexander
AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose, flowing hair.
KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NEΩ, Alexander the Great on his legendary horse, Bucephalus, galloping right with cape flowing behind him and holding spear.

COMMODUS as HERCULES Megalomania 192AD Ancient Silver Roman Coin Club i43640

Commodus – Roman Emperor: 177-192 A.D.
Silver Denarius 17mm (2.50 grams) Rome mint: 192 A.D.
Reference: RIC 251; RSC 190; sear5 #5644
L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, head of Commodus right as Hercules wearing lionskin headdress.
HER-CVL RO-MAN AV-GV either side of club of Hercules, all in wreath.* Numismatic Note: This very scarce issue comes from the very end of Commodus’ reign where his megalomania got him to image that he was the re-incarnation of Hercules. Desirable type.


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VIDEO Guide to Marcus Aurelius Ancient Roman Coins

Marcus Aurelius father of Commodus Gladiator Movie Emperor Ancient Roman Coins Guide

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ofyTt6i_01c

Marcus Aurelius was from a time period of Roman history ruled by what is now named the Adoptive Emperors. From emperor Nerva on until Marcus Aurelius, the Roman emperors adopted as their “son” the next succeeding emperor. This era was known for immense prosperity. However, Marcus Aurelius actually broke the customs of “adopting” able administrators and instead chose his son to succeed him. This caused some issued in history as his son was not as positive for the Roman empire as his father was. This time period has been popularized by the famous Hollywood film, the Gladiator, with Russell Crowe. The fact is that Commodus did fight in the arena, and it made for an interesting story in the film.

Most people don’t know that coins of Marcus Aurelius and other Roman emperors and empresses can be owned almost on any budget. This guide was designed to show the “adoptive” emperors up to Marcus Aurelius and ends with his son Commodus. This gives you a very great idea of what these ancient coins looked like and the types that were available.

Additional Resources

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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

NAMES on Ancient Greek Roman Byzantine Medieval Coins

Modern Names of People on Historical Numismatic Ancient Greek Roman Byzantine and Medieval Coins

Modern Names of People on Historical Numismatic Ancient Greek Roman Byzantine and Medieval Coins

You may be wondering about what is a great gift for the special people in your life. Did you know that the sweetest word in any language for anyone is their name. Yes! Remembering and saying people’s name is more important than remembering any other details. It establishes a connection and makes the person feel special. It is also exciting to talk to a person about the origin of their name as it may mean something very special in their native language. What a lot of people don’t know is how ancient, historically significant and important their names really are. Below is a list of names that can be encountered on ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Medieval coins that if given as a gift, would leave a long and everlasting impression and gratitude for such a special personalized gift. The links below are easy to click and they will take you to my eBay store search page and input the name for you, so you don’t have to remember any spellings.

If you are giving this as a gift, I would be happy to ship it to the person you would like to give it as a gift to, along with a special, customized message you can message you would like to provide them. This way it would make it easy to give such a special gift, to anyone in the world. You can message me on eBay with the special request, providing the specific shipping address and the message you would like to include. Items are shipped quickly and come with a very special certificate of authenticity which allows a beginner or an expert to appreciate the ancient coin you picked out.

Lots of blessings to you and your loved ones!

List of names:



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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS


Coins of NERO the Infamous Ancient Roman Emperor

NERO Ancient Coins of the Infamous Roman Emperor Guide and best place for Sale

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJYxV5Mug6o

Emperor Nero was emperor from 54-68 A.D. Nero is infamous for having watched Rome burn while he fiddled as the story goes. He is also known to Christian biblical historians as someone who persecuted the early Christians, blaming them for the fire in Rome. This guide is designed to show some authentic ancient Roman coins that Nero had along with telling you a little bit ofhistory about them. Towards the end of the video, Ilya Zlobin shares where the emperors ancient coins can be foudn for sale in his eBay shop, along with some of the best coin and historical books on the subject.

Additional Resources

Books Mentioned in the Video

Video Course – Emperors of Rome

Nero 68AD Ancient Very rare Silver Roman Coin Jupiter Zeus Cult RARE i28495

Nero – Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D.
Silver Denarius (19mm, 3.29 gm.), Rome, 68 A.D.
Reference: RIC 69, BMC 80, BN 239, C 123
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PP – Laureate head of Nero right.
IVPPITER CVSTOS – Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
Nero – Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D.
Nero & Statilia Messalina
Bronze 25mm (8.32 grams) of Hypaepa in Lydia 66-68 A.D.
Reference:  SGI 666; RPC 2545; B.M.C. 22.111,21
NEPΩN MECCAΛEI,  Laureate head of Nero left facing draped bust of Statilia Messalina right.
VΠA. / IOY. ΓP. / HΓHCIΠΠ / OC, Clutus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing, wearing long veil.

NERO Arch Chariot & Mars 65AD Lugdunum Ancient Roman Coin Architecture i36665

Nero – Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. – 
Bronze Sestertius 36mm (25.42 grams) Lugdunum mint: 65 A.D.
Reference: RIC 393; Cohen 306; BMCRE 330; BN 69; WCN 414; F.S. Kleiner, The Arch
of Nero in Rome. A study of the Roman honorary arch before and under Nero,
Archaeologica 52 (Rome, 1985), 51aNERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left, globe at point of bust.
S C across field, Triumphal arch, hung with wreath across front and left side; above, Nero in facing quadriga escorted on right by Victory holding wreath and palm and on left by Pax holding caduceus and cornucopiae; just below the quadriga on extreme left and right, two small figures of soldiers; on left side of arch in niche, figure of Mars standing facing, holding spear and round shield; ornamental reliefs on the faces and plinths of the arch.

Nero and wife Poppaea 63AD Rare Alexandria Large Ancient Roman Coin i42112

Nero – Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. – 
Nero and Poppaea
Billon Silver Tetradrachm 24mm (11.40 grams) Struck at Alexandria, Egypt Year 10 = 63/64 A.D.
Reference: Milne 217
NEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AV – radiate head right.
ΠΟΠΠΑΙΑ ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right, LI to right.

NERO closes Doors to TEMPLE of JANUS for PEACE 65AD Ancient Roman Coin i44127

Nero – Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. – 
Bronze As 29mm (9.98 grams) Struck 65 A.D. at the mint of Rome
Reference: RIC I 306; WCN 288
NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP, Laureate head right.
PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT / SC, Three-quarter view of the  Temple of  Janus, window to left and garland hung across double doors to right.* Numismatic Note: This coin has the Temple of Janus with the doors closed, signifying peace in the Roman empire as that was the only time that the doors of the temple were closed.

NERO 63AD Serapis Alexandria Egypt Tetradrachm Ancient Silver Roman Coin i46361

Nero – Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. – 
Billon Silver Tetradrachm 25mm (12.31 grams) of Alexandria in Egypt
Year 10 = 63/64 A.D.
Reference: Milne 222; Koln 160; RPC 5274; Sear 5 #2001; Dattari 251
NEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP, radiate head right.
AYTO KPA, draped bust of Serapis right, LI before.

Nero 65AD Seleucis and Pieria HUGE Silver Ancient Coin EAGLE i32373

Nero – Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. – 
Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (13.55 grams) Mint of  Seleucis and Pieria
Dated Year 114 of the Caesarian era;  65/66 A.D.
Reference: McAlee 266; RPC 4191; Prieur 91
ΝΕΡΩΝ ΚΑΙCΑΡ CΕΒΑCΤΟC, Laureate head left, wearing aegis.
ETOYC . ΔIP, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings spread; balm-branch before.

NERO 66AD Alexandria Egypt Tetradrachm Ancient Roman Coin Galley Ship i43282

Nero – Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. – 
Silver Tetradrachm 23mm (12.52 grams)
Struck at city of Alexandria in Egypt Year 13 = 66/67 A.D
Reference: Köln 184; Dattari 263; Milne 273; Emmett 121
NEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AV, Radiate bust left, wearing aegis; L IΓ (date) left
ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΦΟΡΟΣ, galley under sail to right.

NERO 65AD Sestertius JANUS TEMPLE Gaming Token Ancient Roman Coin RARE i25127

Nero – Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. – 
Bronze Sestertius ‘Game Token’ 34mm (19.84 grams) Rome mint: 65 A.D.
Reference: C 146. BMC 319. RIC 438. CBN 73
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P Laureate head right, with globe at point of bust.
PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S – C View of the temple of Janus, door to right, decorated with garland.* Numismatic Note: This coin has been cut in half practically to turn it into a type of token, likely for gaming. Quality authentic ancient coin with fantastic portrait and the most important parts of the temple visible. 

NERO Alexandria Egypt Billon Silver Tetradrachm ROMA Ancient Roman Coin i49072

Nero – Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. – 
Billon Silver Tetradrachm 23mm (12.44 grams) of Alexandria in Egypt, dated regnal year 5, 58/59 A.D.
Reference:  Dattari 249; Geissen 141; RPC I, 5239
NEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AYTO, laureate head right.
PWMN, Roma seated left, holding victory and parazonium; date LE in field to right.

Nero as Apollo 54AD Perinthus Large Very rare Ancient Roman Coin Lyre i30606

Nero – Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. – 
Bronze 25mm (10.33 grams) of Perinthus in Thrace circa 54-68 A.D.
Reference: RPC I 1752; Schönert, Perinthos 249-252; c/m: Howgego 526; Moushmov 4419
NЄPΩN KAIΣAP ΣEBACTOΣ, Laureate head right.
ΠЄΡΙΝΘΙΩΝ, Emperor, as Apollo Citharoedus, advacing right, holding lyre.

Porcius Festus Jerusalem Nero Ancient Greek / Roman Coin Palm branch i36709

Nero – Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. – 
Procurator Porcius Festus under Roman Emperor Nero
Bronze ‘Prutah’ 16mm (2.45 grams)
of the Jerusalem mint 58 A.D.
Reference: Hendin 653
Obverse: Greek letters NEP WNO C (Nero) in wreath tied at the bottom with an X.
Reverse: Greek letters KAICAPOC (Caesar) and date LE (year 5 = 58/59 A.D), palm branch.

Britannicus & Nero 54AD Jerusalem Roman Coin of Claudius Antonius Felix i44947

Antonius Felix  prefect under Claudius 52-60 A.D.
Bronze Prutah 17mm (1.86 grams) from the mint of Jerusalem 54 A.D.
Reference: Hendin 1348 (5th Edition)
NEPW KΛAY KAICAP (Nero Claudius Caesar – son of Claudius); two oblong shields and spears crossed.
BPIT (Britannicus – younger son of Claudius) above; LIΔ KAI (year 14 of Caesar = 54 A.D.)
in fields; six-branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates.* Numismatic Note: This is a rare type bearing the name of Britannicus, son of Claudius. Nero also has his name on it. Nero was the adopted son of Claudius by his marriage to Agrippina Jr. Rare and desirable type.

CIVIL WARS 68AD Silver Roman Coin after NERO time of VINDEX GALBA i28728

CIVIL WARS. 68-69 A.D. after Nero
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.09 gm) Gallic mint: 68-69 A.D.
Reference: RIC 118; AM 3; BMCRE 61; RSC 359; C Galba 359; BMC 61; Martin 3
FIDES / EXERCITVVM, clasped hands.
CONCORDIA PRAETORIANORVM, Concordia standing left, holding branch and cornucopiae.

NERO Guide to Ancient Coins of the Infamous Roman Emperor circa 54 68AD Books for Sale eBay

NERO Guide to Ancient Coins of the Infamous Roman Emperor circa 54 68AD Books for Sale eBay


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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS


Ancient Celtic Proto Money Trading TOKEN Coins VIDEO Guide

Guide to Ancient Coins of Celtic Tribes from France Germany Britain and Europe

Video and Article dealing with Authentic Coins of the Celts and Proto-Money Trading Tokens

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bjobrt1sIIw

Celtic tribes lived in a lot of areas on the fringes of the empires of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The Romans and Greeks considered the Celts barbarians. But the fact is that the ancient Celts were the ancestors of the modern German, French, Swiss, Eastern European, British and other European cultures. The Celts paint a unique picture with the style of coins they used. They also used trading tokens or what can also be described as proto-money. What the Celts also did was issue their own coins in the styles of the Greek and Roman peoples of the time for trading purposes. This article with video deals with Celtic coins from their development, a bit about their history with many examples shown in an amazing video presentation. The coins shown and many more are available for sale.

The books that I recommend in the article in regards to learning more about Celtic coinage are Coinage in the Celtic World by Daphne NashGreek Coins and Their Values Volume I and Volume II by David R. Sear, and Ancient Coin Collecting VI Non-Classical Cultures by Wayne G. Sayles.

Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 500BC Pre Coin TRISKELES MONEY Trading Token i48911

Eastern Europe Celtic Tribes of the Danube Region
Bronze Proto-money Trading Token of “Triskeles Money”
16mm x 17mm (5.06 grams)
Circa 500-300 B.C.
The ancient Celts used proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards, at least for trade between each other. This is called triskeles money because of it’s shape and is a name that could be assigned to it. The ancient Celts would carry this type of money on a string around their body such as in a necklace fashion. A benefit to this type of money is that it allowed for a basic unit of exchange above barter, perhaps of a type recognized as money for a certain region. This allowed for the basic the benefits of money as it is used in today’s world and the ability to have a flourishing free market economy. An important part of ancient history of money as it developed and progressed. Very rare type as most Celtic proto-money is what is known as “wheel money” or “ring money” along with second most plentiful being “bell money”.

Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CentBC Ring Wheel Money Triskeles “Coin” i48405

Eastern Europe
Celtic Danube Region
Bronze “Ring or Wheel or Roulles” Proto-money Trading Token of Triskeles Shape

35mm x 11mm (3.56 grams)
Circa 500-100 B.C.

The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and perhaps even afterwards.

This is a type I have never seen before in the Triskeles shape.

Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CenturyBC Ring Wheel Money Roulles “Coin” i48390

Eastern Europe
Celtic Danube Region
Bronze “Ring” or “Wheel” or “Roulles” money
25mm x 2mm (3.54 grams)
Circa 500-100 B.C.

The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction
of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards.

Celtic 700BC Arrowhead Proto-Money Pre-Coin Token Istros Black Sea Area i44440

Celtic Arrowhead Proto-Money
City of Istros in the Black Sea Area & Eastern Danube Region
Cast Bronze 39mm x 10mm (2.36 grams) circa 700-600 B.C.
Reference: SNG Black Sea 218
Arrowhead-shaped proto-money trading token.

The ancient Celts from the Eastern Danube and Black Sea areas used proto-money like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area.

Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 500BC Pre- Coin BELL MONEY Trading Token i48902

Eastern Europe  Celtic Tribes of the Danube Region
Bronze “Bell Money” 22mm x 19mm (6.60 grams)
Circa 500-300 B.C.
The ancient Celts used proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards, at least for trade between each other. This is called bell money because of it’s shape and therefore there is no clapper inside as it was used for currency. The ancient Celts would carry this type of money on a string around their body such as in a necklace fashion. A benefit to this type of money is that they can be easily stacked and counted, and allowed for a basic unit of exchange above barter. This allowed for the basic the benefits of money as it is used in today’s world and the ability to have a flourishing free market economy. An important part of ancient history of money as it developed and progressed.

Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CenturyBC Ring Wheel Money Roulles “Coin” i44444

Eastern Europe
Celtic Danube Region
Bronze “Ring or Wheel or Roulles” Proto-money or Trading Token
38mm x 4mm (7.30 grams)
Circa 500-100 B.C.

The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and perhaps even afterwards.

Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CenturyBC Ring Wheel Money Roulles “Coin” i44425

Eastern Europe
Celtic Danube Region
Bronze “Ring” or “Wheel” or “Roulles” money
23mm x 11mm (14.10 grams)
Circa 500-100 B.C.

The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards.

Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CenturyBC Ring Wheel Money Roulles “Coin” i48343

Eastern Europe
Celtic Danube Region
Bronze “Ring” or “Wheel” or “Roulles” money
23mm x 5mm (9.79 grams)
Circa 500-100 B.C.

The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards.

Celtic Eastern Europe Silver TetraDrachm as Greek Philip II Macedon Coin i44055

Celtic Tribe of Eatern Europe
Making coins in style of Greek king Philip II – King of Macedon: 359-336 B.C.
Silver Tetradrachm 25mm (13.53 grams) under unknown Celtic Tribe circa 300-200 B.C.
Laureate head of Zeus right.
Youth on horseback right.

* Numismatic Note: The Celtic peoples would issue their own versions of the coins of their neighbors, such as the Greeks which have their own unique style to behold. Quality ancient Celtic coin. The Celts of Eastern Europe imitated ancient Greek coins of the time period, this one of Philip II. King Philip II of Macedonia was father of Alexander the Great and his coins referred to his Olympic victory. The reason they did this as they traded with the Greeks and their coins were popular and recognized for trade, so they struck their own. You can see the Cetlic style showing on this coin. 

Celtic of Danube Silver Tetradrachm Greek Style Coin Similar to Thasos i44010

Celtic Tribe of the Danube
Making coins in style of the Greek city of Thasos on Island in the Thracian Sea
Silver Tetradrachm 32mm (16.57 grams) Struck by the Danubian Celts circa 148-50 B.C.
Reference: S-215; BMC-Celtic-221; Lanz-967
Head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy and with band across forehead.
HPAKΛΕΟΥΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΘΑΣΙΩΝ – Hercules, naked, standing left, holding club, lion’s skin over left arm; monogram in field to left.

* Numismatic Note: The Celtic peoples would issue their own versions of the coins of their neighbors, such as the Greeks which have their own unique style to behold. Quality ancient Celtic coin. The Celts of the Danube imitated ancient Greek coins of the time period, this one of the city of Thasos in Thrace. The reason they did this as they traded with the Greeks and their coins were popular and recognized for trade, so they struck their own. You can see the Cetlic style showing on this coin.

A rich and fertile island off the southern coast of Thrace, Thasos possessed prolific gold mines and had a controlling interest in many of the silver mines on the mainland.

CELTIC Tribe of GALLIA CISALPINA Gaul 2nd Cen BC Massalia Silver Coin i45944

Celtic Tribe of Gallia Cisalpina
Silver Drachm 15mm (3.36 grams) Struck circa 2nd Century B.C.
in the style of the Ancient Greek coins of Massalia
Reference: De La Tour 2126
Head of Nymph right.
ΜΕΣΣΑ, lion standing right.

The Celts were interesting groups people who made their coins in the styles of the Greek cities and kings they were surrounded by to facilitate trade. Celtic coins have a unique artistic beauty of their own and the style is easily recognizable as they are more stylized than their Greek or Roman counterparts.

CELTIC Tribes of Gaul THE SEQUANI 2-1CenBC HORSE Ancient Greek Coin RARE i46533

Celtic Tribes of Central Gaul
The Sequani Tribe

Potin Unit 20mm (5.33 grams) Struck circa 2nd-1st Century B.C.
Reference: Castelin – de la Tour 5393 Slg. Danicourt 124; LTS 393; BMC 330
Male head left.
Horned horse left, with S-shaped tail.

Veliocasses Vercingetorix FRIENDS 80BC Ancient Wheel Money Coins Paris i46397

Veliocasses
Paris Region Lead Wheel Money 22x7mm (1.62 grams)
circa 80-50 B.C.
Set of Three Uncut Wheel Money
From an area North of Paris which was together with a group of Veliocasses bronzes. Three small, solid wheel money unclipped and still in the slightly curved shape of the mold. Very rare and perhaps “never to be seen again” type of item.

Celtic Gaul Britain Danube Ancient Roman Coin 350AD Magnentius Victories i42827

Magnentius – Roman Emperor:  350-353 A.D. –
Bronze AE2 20mm (1.78 grams)  Barbarous Issue
Struck in Celtic Gaul, Danube or Britain
Struck circa 350-353 A.D.

Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; A behind bust.
Two Victories standing facing each other, holding wreath with text.

* Numismatic Note: Very rare issue struck by the Celts of a more scarce emperor.


Guide to Ancient Coins of Celtic Tribes from France Germany Britain and Europe for Sale eBay

Guide to Ancient Coins of Celtic Tribes from France Germany Britain and Europe for Sale eBay


Ancient Roman Camp Gate CoinsDownload this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS


Ancient Greek Roman Coins Dealing with the SEA Gods Animals & Ships

Ocean, Sea-Life & Gods on Ancient Greek and Roman Coins

The ancients were a well-traveled people. They built ships for travel and trade and connected vast parts of the world together. They worshipped gods that were connected to the ocean, placed them on their coins and anything else that they found particularly fascinating was placed on their coins. Just as modern-man fishes, enjoys going to the beach, looking at dolphins and traveling by sea, we are a just continuing a long tradition that stretch the millennia. So here is a list of topics to explore. Enjoy!

 

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Ilya Zlobin's articles & videos teaching people about ancient Greek, Roman, Biblical, Medieval, Byzantine and World coin collecting and investing.