All posts by trustedancientcoins

AFFORDABLE Ancient 300BC-200AD Greek COINS a Guide & Collection

AFFORDABLE Ancient Greek and Roman COINS from circa 400BC-100AD

Guide & Collection of Ancient Coins that can be Bought Relatively Cheap on eBay

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fB4suTgOY3I

You can be really amazed once you know the truth that ancient Greek coins can be purchased very inexpensively here on eBay. The coins in this guide are in my store called Authentic Ancient Greek Roman Coins. The idea behind it is to help you learn the types of coins available out there and what you can almost expect from the selection. Bronze coins were struck in order to facilitate trade as you needed to get this “change” from the higher denomination gold and silver coins. However, upon studying the topic, some ancient Greek towns, rarely if ever struck any coins in silver and gold, but only in bronze. So it is possible that you can get a really valuable coin in bronze. Numismatic coin collecting is more interested in the history and the beauty rather than the metal content alone.

There are over 45 different coin types listed below, and in order to make this article as brief as possible only several of the types are shown here, however, when you click on the picture of each coin, you will be able to see the coins in my eBay store and explore more. They are arranged from the lowest priced coins to my higher priced coins. The better the condition, usually, the higher price an ancient commands. I tried my best to only include coins that you can buy for $100, $50 or even as low as about $20 here, so even though they may not win beauty contests, these are incredible value for the money.

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ABDERA THRACE – Genuine 345BC Apollo Griffin Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i60582

Greek city of Abdera in Thrace
Bronze 15mm (3.67 grams) Struck circa 345-323 B.C.
Reference: Strack 216 var.; SNGCop 374 var.
Griffin seated right on club; legend for magistrate below.
ABΔHPITEΩN, Head of Apollo right within square border.    

AIGAI in Aiolis 2nd Cent BC Hermes & Goat Quality Ancient Greek Coin i31836

Greek city of Aigai in Aiolis
Bronze 13mm (2.75 grams) Struck circa 2nd-1st centuries B.C.
Reference: SNG München -; SNG Copenhagen 14; SNG von Aulock –
Head of Hermes right, wearing petasos.
Forepart of goat right; monograms above and to right, ΑΙΓΑΕΩN in exergue.

An inland town on the river Pythikos, south-east of Myrina.  Symbols of Hermes were the palm tree, turtle, rooster, goat, the number four, several kinds of fish, incense. Sacrifices involved honey, cakes, pigs, goats, and lambs.

ALEXANDER III the Great 323BC Macedonia Ancient Greek Coin SHIELD HELMET i61361

Greek Coin of
Macedonian Kingdom
Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 16mm (4.06 grams) Struck circa: 323-315 B.C.
Reference: HGC 3, 958; Price 2063-2070, 3157-3159, 3161-3162;
Macedonian shield with gorgoneion in central boss.
B-A, Macedonian helmet.

Best known as Alexander the Great, he was a king (basileus in Greek) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia. He was born in the city of Pella in 356 BC. By age 20, Alexander succeeded his father Philip II to the throne as king. He spent most of his years as king in an unprecedented military campaign of conquest through Asia, northeast Africa and even reached India. By age 30 he created one of the biggest empires in the ancient world, reaching from Greece to northwestern India. Being undefeated in battle, many consider him as one of history’s most successful military commanders. He could be considered one of history’s most important figures, having spread the Greek civilization far and wide, and was even admired by Julius Caesar along with many other important historical personages as well.    

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 325BC Hercules Club Macedonia Ancient Greek Coin i59623

Greek Coin of
Macedonian Kingdom
Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 18mm (4.87 grams) Mint in Macedonia. Struck circa 325-310 B.C.
Reference: Price 377; cf. Sear 6742 var.
Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress.
Weapons of Hercules, bow in quiver above, club (facing left) below; BA between; branch below.    

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 336BC LIFETIME Apollo Horse Ancient Greek Coin i60533

Greek Coin of
Macedonian Kingdom
Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C.
Bronze 15mm (2.46 grams) Pella or possibly Aigai mint, struck 336-323 B.C.
Reference: HGC 3, 928; Price 338-370; Sear 6744 cf.; Forrer/Weber 2150 cf.
Head of Apollo right, hair bound with tainia.
Horse prancing right; ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ above.    

AMISOS in PONTUS MITHRADATES VI the GREAT Time Perseus Pegasus Greek Coin i60568

Greek city of Amisos in Pontus
Bronze 26mm (12.63 grams) Struck under Mithradates VI the Great circa 105-90 B.C. or circa 90-85 B.C.
Reference: HGC 7, 239; SNG Black Sea 1212-1217; Sear 3639; B.M.C. 13.18,61
Head of Perseus right, wearing Phrygian helmet.
Pegasus standing left, drinking; in exergue, ΑΜΙΣΟΥ and two monograms.

Amisos was a flourishing Greek city on the Black Sea coast commanding an important trade route to the south, Amisos was founded in the 6th century B.C. It was re-settled by Athenians in the following century and they renamed the place Peiraeus.     

AMPHIPOLIS in Macedonia 146BC RARE R2 Ancient Greek Coin POSEIDON & HORSE i61813

Greek city of Amphipolis in Macedonia
Bronze 18mm (5.14 grams) Struck circa 146-31 B.C.
Reference: HGC 3, 424 Rare R2; SNGCop 67; Moushmov 5987; AMNG III.2, no 39
Diademed head of Poseidon right wearing tainia.
ΑΜΦΙΠΟ / ΛΙΤΩΝ above and below horse galloping right.

Amphipolis, a town in Macedonia on the left or eastern bank of the river Strymon, just below its egress from the lake Cercinities, and about 3 miles from the sea. The Strymon flowed almost around the town, nearly forming a circle, whence its name Amphipolis. It was originally called “the Nine Ways” and belonged to the Edonians, a Thracian people. Aristagoras of Miletos first attempted to colonize it, but was cut off with his followers by the Edonians in B.C. 497. The Athenians made a next attempt with 10,000 colonists, but they were all destroyed by the Edonians in 465. In 437 the Athenians were more successful, and drove the Edonians out of the “Nine Ways,” which was henceforth called Amphipolis. It was one of the most important of the Athenian possessions, being advantageously situated for trade on a navigable river in the midst of a fertile country, and near the gold mines of Mount Pangaeus. Hence the indignation of the Athenians when it fell in to the hands of Spartan general Brasidas (B.C. 424) and of Philip II of Macedon (B.C. 358). Under the Romans it was a free city, the capital of Macedonia prima: the Via Egnatia ran through it. The port of Amphipolis was Eion.    

Antigonos II Gonatas 274BC Macedonia Ancient Greek Coin ATHENA PAN TROPHY i62226

Greek coin of the Kingdom of Macedonia
Antigonos II Gonatas – King: 277-239 B.C.
Bronze 15mm (3.82 grams) Struck circa 274-239 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6786; HGC 3, 1049; SNG Copenhagen 1205-1211
Head of Athena right, in crested Corinthian helmet.
Pan advancing right, erecting trophy of Galatian arms; B-A in upper field; ANTI monogram beneath Pan.

The English word panic is derived from the Greek deity Pan. It is said that Pan helped the Macedonian army in the battle that Antigonos had with the Gauls in 277 B.C. at the “Battle of Lysimacheia” and thus is shown on his coins erecting a trophy.

Antigonos II, Gonatas was son of Demetrios Poliorketes, and grandson of the preceding. He assumed the title of king of Macedonia after his father’s death in Asia in B.C. 283, but he did not obtain possession of the throne until 277 after achieving a notable victory over the Gallic invaders in Thrace. He was driven out of his kingdom by Pyrrhos, and again recovered his dominions. He attempted to prevent the formation of the Achaean league, and died 239. His surname Gonatas is usually derived from Gonnos or Gonni in Thessaly; but some think that Gonatas is a Macedonian word, signifying an iron plate protecting the knee. The Macedonian kingdom prospered again under his long and enlightened rule.     

ANTIOCHOS II Theos 261BC Seleukid Tripod Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i62193

Seleukid Kindom
Antiochos II Theos – King: 261-246 B.C.
Bronze 16mm (4.44 grams) Struck circa 261-246 B.C.
Reference: HGC 9, 253; SC 520, 522-527, and 537-538
Laureate head of Apollo right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ANTIOXOY either side of tripod; anchor in exergue; monograms in field to left and right.

Antiochos II Theos (B.C. 261-246), son and successor of Antiochos I Soter to the throne of the Seleukid Kindom. The Milesians gave him his surname of Theos, because he delivered them from their tyrant, Timarchus. He carried on war with Ptolemy Philadelphos, king of Egypt, which was brought to a close by his putting away his wife Laodice, and marrying Berenice, the daughter of Ptolemy. After the death of Ptolemy, he recalled Laodice, but in revenge for the insultshe had received, she caused Antiochos and Berenice to be murdered. During the reign of Antiochos, Arsaces founded the Parthian Empire (250 B.C.), and Theodotus established an independent kingdom in Baktria. He was succeeded by his son Seleukos Callinicus. His younger son Antiochos Hierax also assumed the crown, and carried on war some years with his brother.     

ANTIOCHOS III Megas 223BC Seleukid Apollo Tripod RARE R1 – R2 Greek Coin i60536

Seleukid Empire
Antiochos III, Megas – King: 222-187 B.C.
Bronze 13mm (3.77 grams) Sardeis mint: 223-187 B.C.
Reference: HGC 9, 518 Rare R1-R2; SC 983
Laureate head of Apollo right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ANTIOXOY either side of Apollo standing left, holding arrow held in right hand, left elbow resting on tall tripod; monograms in field to left and right.    

AUGUSTUS 27BC Amphipolis Macedonia Artemis Bull Ancient Roman Coin i60576

Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Bronze 19mm (6.69 grams) of Amphipolis in Macedonia
Reference: RPC I 1629; SNG ANS 160; SNG Copenhagen -; cf. Sear GIC 29
KAIΣΑΡOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, Bare head of Augustus right.
ΑΜΦΙΠΟΛEΙΤΩΝ, Artemis Tauropolos riding a bull right, holding a veil over her head.    

AUGUSTUS Victory Over Julius Caesar Assassins Brutus & Cassius Roman Coin i60506

Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Bronze 16mm (3.60 grams) from the city of Philippi in Northern Greece, Macedonia circa 27 B.C.-10 B.C.
Reference: Sear GIC 32; B.M.C.5.98,23
VIC.-AVG. either side of Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm.
COHOR. PRAE. PHIL., Three legionary standards.

Commemorates the battle of Philippi, 42 B.C., in which Octavian and Antony defeated the Republican tyrannicides Brutus and Cassius, who subsequently committed suicide. Augustus later settled the veterans of a Praetorian Cohort at Philippi, and he conferred upon them the right to mint coins, of which this is an example. The images on this coin presumably refer to the Emperor’s above described victory in 42 BC. The winged victory standing representing the cosmos. Such a coin is delivering, without words but in clear images that everyone would have understood, the message that Augustus now rules the world. All the old political institutions were re-established and the “dignity” of the Senate was restored, but actual power was now in the hands of one man alone.    

AUGUSTUS 27BC Philippi Macedonia PRIESTS Founding City Oxen Roman Coin i59410

Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Bronze 17mm (5.39 grams) Mint of Philippi (ostensibly) in Macedonia
Reference: Varbanov 3226; RPC I 1656
Bare head of Augustus right, AVG behind.
Two priests (pontiffs) plowing pomerium right with two oxen.     

Carthage in Zeugitana 400BC Tanit Cult & Horse Rare Ancient Greek Coin i58781

Greek city of Carthage in Zeugitana
Bronze 15mm (4.21 grams) Struck 400-350 B.C.
Reference: Alexandropoulos 15a; SNG Copenhagen 97; Müller –
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn.
Horse galloping right; ground line beneath.    

DEMETRIOS I Poliorketes MACEDONIA King Shield Helmet Ancient Greek Coin i60574

Macedonian Kingdom
Demetrios I, Poliorketes – King: 294-288 B.C.
Bronze 15mm (4.86 grams) Pella mint, circa 306-283 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6774; Newell 132; SNG Alpha Bank 969
Macedonian shield , with monogram of Demetrios at center.
BA ΣΙ either side of crested Macedonian helmet, in field to left, anchor.

Son of Antigonos the One-eyed, Demetrios Poliorketes (the ‘Besieger’) was a romantic character who pursued a most colorful career spanning more than three decades. In his earlier years he assisted his father, whose power was centered in Asia Minor, and in 306 he achieved a great naval victory over Ptolemy of Egypt, in the battle of Salamis, off the coast of Cyprus. After many vicissitudes he seized the Macedonian throne in 294, although he reigned for only six years the dynasty which he founded lasted until the end of the Macedonian Kingdom. He died as a captive in Syria in 283 B.C.    

ELAIA in AEOLIS 2-1CenBC Demeter Torch Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i61539

Greek city of Elaia in Aeolis
Bronze 13mm (3.85 grams) Struck 2nd-1st centuries B.C.
Reference: Sear 4206; B.M.C. 17.127,20
Head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn.
Torch; EΛ – AI / T – ΩΝ; all within corn wreath.     

EPHESOS in IONIA Genuine 387BC Bee Female Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i59663

Greek city of Ephesos in Ionia
Bronze 10mm (1.00 grams) Struck circa 387-295 B.C.
Reference: Sear 4409; B.M.C. 14.55,68-70; SNG von Aulock 1839; SNG Copenhagen 256
Female head, possibly of Artemis left.
Bee; E – Φ in upper field.

Situated at the mouth of the river Kayster, Ephesos was founded by Ionian colonists under Androklos. It rose to be a place of great importance in Classical and Hellenistic times, due in the main to the illustrious sanctuary of the Ephesian Artemis dating from the time of Kroisos of Lydia. After the end of the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C. Ephesos passed under the rule of the Romans.     

Hermocapelia in Lydia time of Hadrian 117AD Greek Coin Roman Senate Roma i45218

Greek city of Hermocapelia in Lydia
Bronze 15mm (2.73 grams) struck during the time of Hadrian circa 117-138 A.D.
Reference: Sear GIC 5019; B.M.C. 22.99,7; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock 2947
ΙЄPA CYNKΛHΤOC, Draped bust of the Roman Senate right.
ЄΡΜΟΚΑΠΗΛΙΤΩΝ, Turreted and draped bust of Roma right, monogram before.

Hermocapelia. This town is identified with the modern Geukche-keui on the north side of the Hyrcanian plain, a few miles south-west of Apollonis.    

KASSANDER killer of Alexander the Great’s FAMILY Ancient Greek Coin Horse i60963

Greek coin of the Kingdom of Macedonia
Kassander – Regent: 317-306 B.C. & King: 306-297 B.C.
Bronze 22mm (6.84 grams) Pella mint, struck circa 305-297 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6754; HGC 3, 992; SNG Alpha Bank I, nos. 930-931
Head of young Hercules right, clad in lion’s skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / KAΣΣAΝΔΡΟΥ above and beneath nude youth riding horse prancing right, holding palm branch.

Kassander, son of Antipater. His father, on his death-bed (B.C. 319), appointed Polysperchon regent, and conferred upon Kassander only the secondary dignity of Chiliarch (cavalry commander). Being dissatisfied with this arrangement, Kassander strengthened himself by an alliance with Ptolemy and Antigonos, and entered into war with Polysperchon. In 318 B.C., Kassander obtained possession of Athens and most of the cities in the south of Greece. In 317 he was recalled to Macedonia to oppose Olympias (mother of Alexander III, the Great). He kept her besieged in Pydna throughout the winter of 317, and on her surrender in the spring of the ensuing year, he put her to death. The way now seemed open to him to the throne of Macedonia. He placed Roxana (wife of Alexander III, the Great) and her young son, Alexander (IV) Aegus (son of Alexander III, the Great), in custody at Amphipolis, not thinking it safe as yet to murder them; and he connected himself with the regal family by marriage with Thessalonica, half-sister of Alexander the Great. He founded the city of Thessalonica in her honor in 315. In 315 Kassander joined Seleukos I, Ptolemy I, and Lysimachos in their war against Antigonos I, Monophthalmus, of whose power they had all become jealous. This was was upon the whole unfavorable to Kassander, who lost most of the cities in Greece. By the general peace of 311, it was provided that Kassander was to retain his authority in Europe until Alexander Aegus should be grown to manhood. Kassander thereupon put to death the young king and his mother Roxana. In 310 the war was renewed, and Heracles, the son of Alexander III by his mistress Barsine, was brought forward by Polysperchon as a claimant to the Macedonian throne; but Kassander bribed Polysperchon to murder the young prince and his mother in 309. In 306 Kassander took the title of king, when it was assumed by Antigonos I, Lysimachos, and Ptolemy I. In the following years, Demetrios Poliorketes, the son of Antigonos I, carried on the war in Greece with great success against Kassander; but in 302 Demetrios was obliged to pass into Asia, to support his father; and next year, 301, the decisive battle of Ipsus was fought, in which Antigonos I and Demetrios were defeated, and the former slain, and which gave Kassander Macedonia and Greece. Kassander died of dropsy in 297, and was succeed by his son Philip IV.     

Krannon in Thessaly 400BC Horseman Water Jug Hydria Ancient Greek Coin i58939

Greek city of Krannon in Thessaly
Bronze 16mm (4.21 grams) Struck circa 400-344 B.C.
Reference: Sear 2073 var.; HGC 4, 385
Horseman galloping right.
Hydria, mounted on wheels.

The city was near the source of the river Onchestos. People of Krannon held Poseidon in high regard. The city derived it’s name from the various springs in the area (called kranna in Aiolic Greek). The city had an abundance of sheep and horses grazing in the plains which brought it great wealth. In times of drought, they had a hydria on wheels which they paraded through the city accompanied by prayers to Apollo, which it was famous for. There was also a temple of Athena and Asclepius in the city.      

KYME in AEOLIS – Genuine 350BC Horse & Vase Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i60520

Greek city of Kyme in Aeolis
Bronze 15mm (3.02 grams) Struck circa 350-250 B.C.
Reference: Sear 4188 var.; B.M.C. 17.108, 40 var.
Forepart of prancing horse right, KY above, magistrate’s name below.
One-handled vase; monogram to left.

By far the most important of the Aiolian coastal cities, Kyme was situated southwest of Myrina. For much of its history it was dominated by great powers –  Athens, the Hellenistic Kingdoms and, finally, Rome.    

THESSALIAN LEAGUE Larissa 196BC Greek Coin ATHENA APOLLO Healer Cult i43386

Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly
under Thesssalian League
Bronze Dichalkon 17mm (4.24 grams) Struck Late 2nd – mid 1st century B.C.
Ippaitas, magistrate
Reference: Rogers 44
ΙΠΠΑI-ΤΑΣ above and below head of Athena in Corinthian helmet right.
ΘΕΣΣΑΛΩΝ above and beneath horse galloping right.
Larissa was an important town of Thessaly, in Pelasgiotis, situated on the Peneios river, in an extensive plain. It was once the capital of the Pelasgi, and had a democratic constitution, but subsequently became subject to the Macedonians. It retained its importance under the Romans, and after the time of Constantine the Great, became the capital of the province of Thessaly. This city was named after a local water nymph named Larissa. The story goes that the nymph drowned while playing ball on the banks of the Peneios River. In Greek mythology, the Greek hero Perseus accidentally killed his grandfather, King Akrisios of Argos when participating in the funeral games held in the city for nymph Larissa. The people of that city made their wealth from the rich agricultural area around the city and from breeding horses.     

Lysimacheia in Thrace 309BC Ancient Greek Coin Young Hercules NIke Cult i37469

Greek city of Lysimacheia in Thrace
Bronze 19mm (3.76 grams) Struck 309-281 B.C.
Head of young Hercules right, in lion’s skin.
ΛYΣΙΜΑ / XΕΩΝ either side of Nike standing facing, holding wreath and palm.

Founded by Lysimachos in 309 B.C., close to the site of Kardia which he had destroyed. This city became the principal residence and European mint of the King of Thrace.    

LYSIMACHOS 297BC Thrace King Hercules Wreath Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i60831

Greek Coin of Kingdom of Thrace
Lysimachos – King: 323-281 B.C. –
Bronze 14mm (2.35 grams) Struck in the Kingdom of Thrace circa 297-281 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6822; Muller, pl. II,14; Forrer/Weber 2735
Head of young Hercules right, clad in lion’s skin.
BAΣΙ / ΛΥΣI within corn-wreath. One of the most remarkable of the ‘Successors’ of Alexander, Lysimachos was of Thessalian stock and was a bodyguard of the great Macedonian King. In the confused period following Alexander’s death he obtained the government of Thrace, and in 309 B.C. founded his capital city of Lysimacheia where many of his coins were struck. In 305 B.C. he took the title of King, and four years later extended his rule over much of Asia Minor following the defeat of Antigonos the One-eyed at Ipos. His later years were marred by domestic tragedy and his harsh rule made him unpopular with his subjects. In 281 B.C. Lysimachos, now aged 80, was attacked by Seleukos of Syria who was only two years his junior. Lysimachos died fighting at the battle of Korupedion and his kingdom disappeared with him. But his memory lived on and generations later a number of mints in the Black Sea area restored his coin types for their autonomous issues.    

Maroneia in Thrace 148BC Ancient Greek Coin Nude Dionysos Wine God i31739

Greek city of Maroneia in Thrace
Bronze 18mm (5.24 grams) Struck circa 148-80 B.C.
Reference: Moushmov 3942
Wreathed head of Dionysos.
MAPΩNITΩN, nude Dionysus standing left holding bunch of grapes and thyrsos.

Maroneia, a town on the south coast of Thrace, situated on the north bank of the lake Ismaris and on the river Sthenas, more anciently called Ortagurea. It belonged originally to the Cicones, but afterwards received colonists from Chios. It was celebrated for its excellent wine, which even Homer mentions. The city boasted a sanctuary of Dionysus, the Roman equivalent of Bacchus, the god of wine. Dionysus was represented, along with his symbol of bunches of grapes on the city’s coins.     

MARONEIA Thrace 400BC Authentic Ancient Greek Coin w HORSE & WINE GRAPES i62203

Greek city of Maroneia in Thrace
Bronze 15mm (3.38 grams) Struck 400-350 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1636; B.M.C. 3.65
Horse prancing right; monogram beneath.
ΜΑΡΩΝΙΤΩΝ around three sides of linear square containing vine; monogram beneath.    

MESEMBRIA in THRACE Black Sea Area Athena Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i59513

Greek city of Mesembria in Thrace
Bronze 18mm (5.08 grams) Struck circa 275-175 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1676; B.M.C. 3.8-10; Topalov, Messambria 16; SNG BM Black Sea 280-3; SNG Stancomb 235; SNG Copenhagen 661
Diademed female head right.
METAM / BRIANΩN either side of Athena Alkidemos advancing left, brandishing spear and holding shield.

An important colony of Megara, Mesembria was situated on the Black Sea coast, north of Apollonia Pontika.    

ODESSOS in THRACE 270BC Great God Derzelas on Horse Ancient Greek Coin i59533

Greek city of Odessos in Thrace
Bronze 19mm (6.33 grams) Struck circa 270-188 B.C.
Reference: Moushmov 1527; Topalov, Odesos pp. 177-8, 3 and 5 var.; SNG Stancomb 264 var.
Laureate head of the Great God Derzelas right.

Oiniadai in Akarnania 219BC Zeus Man-Headed River Bull Ancient Greek Coin i60644

Greek city of Oiniadai in Akarnania
Bronze 22mm (6.05 grams) Struck circa 219-211 B.C.
Reference: HGC 4, 899; Sear 2298 var.; BMC Central, pp. 189-190, nos. 6-14; BCD Akarnania 345-352
Laureate head of Zeus right.
OINIAΔAN, Bearded head of river-god Achelous right.

In the extreme south of the country, near the mouth of the Achelous, Oiniadai was close to the Aitolian border.

Heros, the Rider God of Odessos, riding right on high stepping horse, OΔHΣITΩN in exergue.

OLYNTHOS MACEDONIA 420BC Chalkidian League Ancient Greek Coin APOLLO LYRE i49241

Greek city of Olynthos in Macedonia
for the Chalkidian League
Bronze 14mm (3.50 grams) Struck circa 420-348 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1433; HGC 3, 511; B.M.C. 5.31; Cf. Robinson-Clement Group M; SNG ANS 552
Laureate head of Apollo right.
XAΛKIΔΕΩΝ, Lyre.

A colony of Chalkis, Olynthos became the center of opposition to Athenian imperialism in the North, and was the headquarters of the Chalkidian League formed circa 432 B.C. The city was captured and destroyed by Philip II, king of Macedon, in 348 B.C.

PELLA Macedonia Original 146BC Authentic Ancient Greek Coin ATHENA & BULL i60795

Greek city of Pella in Macedonia
Bronze 19mm (7.88 grams) Struck circa 148-31 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1446; HGC 3, 615; Moushmov 6453; SNGCop 266ff; SNG ANS 7, nos. 598-617
Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right
ΠEΛ-ΛHΣ, bull (ox) grazing right.

Founded by king Archelaus I of Macedonia (B.C. 413-399 B.C.) as a new capital to replace the older palace-city of Aigai (Vergina). It became the official capital and residence of the all the kings of Macedonia until about 167 B.C. Pella was in the Macedonian district of Bottiaea, was situated upon a hill, and upon a lake formed by the river Lydias, 120 stadia from its mouth. It continued to be a place of small importance until the time of Philip II, who made it his residence and capital of the Macedonian monarchy, and adorned it with many public buildings. It is frequently mentioned by subsequent writers on account of its being the birth-place of Alexander the Great. The original name of Pella was Bounomos (“Grazing Ox”), and is alluded to on some of the coins from the city with the grazing bull (ox). The coin types featuring Athena borrowed her image from issues of “new-style” coinage of Athens. Other imagery of various gods/goddesses on its coins were adopted from the royal coinages of previous kings. It was the capital of the one of the 4 districts into which Romans divided Macedonia, and was subsequently made a Roman colony under the name of Col. Jul. Aug. Pella. By around 180 A.D., Roman writer, Lucian described it in passing as “now insignificant, with very few inhabitants”.

PERGAMON in MYSIA 133BC Athena Trophy Helmet Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i60791

Greek city of Pergamon in Mysia
Bronze 18mm (5.80 grams) Struck circa 150-50 B.C.
Reference: Sear 3960; B.M.C. 15. 112,22-3
Head of Athena right, in crested Corinthian helmet.
AΘΗΝΑΣ / ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ either side of trophy.

Situated in the Kaikos valley, about 15 miles from the coast, Pergamon was a city of uncertain origin and of no great importance before the time of Alexander the Great. In the 3rd century B.C. it became the center of the independent kingdom ruled by the Attalid dynasty founded by Philetairos. The city was extended and beautified as the prosperity of the kingdom increased, and by the late Hellenistic times Pergamon ranked as one of the great cultural centers of the Greek world. After the end of the kingdom, 133 B.C., Pergamon became capital of the Roman province of Asia.

Perseus Macedonian King 179BC Ancient Greek Coin Eagle Hero Perseus i31734

Greek coin of the Kingdom of Macedonia
Perseus – King: 179-168 B.C.
Bronze 18mm (5.30 grams) Struck in Macedonia circa 179-168 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6807, SNGCop 1279, Forrer/Weber 2222, var.
Head of the hero Perseus right, wearing winged cap terminating in bird’s head, harpa behind neck.
Eagle, wings open, standing left on thunderbolt, head right; BA above, ΠEP monogram to left.

* Numismatic Note: It is interesting to note that the same hero, Perseus whom, according to mythology, founded Macedonia has the same name as the last king of Macedonia.

The eldest son of Philip V, Perseus was the last king of Macedon. He inherited a kingdom already largely dependent on Rome, but his policies aroused Roman suspicions and armed conflict became inevitable. At the battle of Pydna, in 168 B.C., Perseus lost his kingdom and he died two years later as an exile in Italy.    

PHILADELPHIA in LYDIA 2-1CenBC Macedonian Shield Thunderbolt Greek Coin i61743

Greek city of  Philadelphia in Lydia
Bronze 12mm (4.04 grams) Struck 2nd-1st Century B.C.
Reference: Sear 4723; B.M.C.22.187,1; SNG Copenhagen 345 var. (monogram).
Circular Macedonian shield with star on boss.
ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛ / ΦEΩΝ above and beneath thunderbolt, monogram in upper field; all within olive-wreath.

Founded by Attalos II Philadelphos, King of Pergamon 159-138 B.C., Philadelphia was situated south-east of Sardes and commanded the important valley of Kogamis.    

Philip II Alexander the Great Dad OLYMPIC GAMES Ancient Greek Coin Horse i51706

Kingdom of Macedonia
Philip II – King: 359-336 B.C. – (Father of Alexander III the Great)
Commemorating his Olympic Games Victory
Bronze 16mm (6.12 grams) Struck circa 356-294 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6696-6699 var.; HGC 3, 882-886 var.
Head of Apollo right, hair bound with tainia.
Youth on horse prancing right, ΦIΛIΠΠΟΥ above.

* Numismatic Note: Authentic ancient Greek coin of King Philip II of Macedonia, father of Alexander the Great. Fascinating coin referring to his Olympic victories.     

PHILIP V Macedonia King 221BC Authentic Ancient Greek Coin Hercules Harpa i60861

Greek coin of the Kingdom of Macedonia
Philip V – King: 221-179 B.C.
Bronze 19mm (7.67 grams) Struck circa 221-179 B.C.
Reference: SNGCop 1262
Head of bearded Hercules right in lion’s skin.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ above and below harpa, ΔI above, all within oak wreath.

Son of Demetrios II, Philip V came to power in 221 B.C. on the death of Antigonos Doson. He was a vigorous ruler and maintained the power of the Macedonian kingdom in the earlier part of his reign. However, he made the mistake of arousing the enmity of the Romans, and in 197 B.C. his power was crushed at the battle of the Kynoskephalai by the Roman general T. Quinctius Flamininus. After this his power and territory were severely curtailed by Rome, and the days of the Macedonian kingdom were numbered.    

PHILIPPI in MACEDONIA 357BC Hercules Tripod Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i54461

Greek city of Philippi in Macedonia
Bronze 17mm (5.40 grams) Struck 357-330 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1452 var.; B.M.C. 5.8 var.
Head of young  Hercules left in lion’s skin.
Tripod ; ΦIΛIΠΠΩΝ to right.

Following Philip II’s capture of Amphipolis in 357 B.C. and  his acquisition of the mining area of Mt. Pangaion, the mining center of  Krenides was given the name of Philippi in the king’s honor.    

Sardes in Asia Minor 133BC Ancient Greek Coin Nude Apollo Young Hercules i31470

Greek city of Sardes in Lydia
Bronze 15mm (4.22 grams) Struck circa 133-80 B.C.
Reference: Sear 4734
Laureate head of young Hercules right, lion’s skin knotted round.
Nude Apollo standing left, holding raven and laurel-branch; ΣΑΡΔΙΑΝΩΝ behind, monogram to left; all within laurel wreath.

The ancient capital of the Lydian Kings, Sardes lay under a fortified hill in the Hermos valley, at the important road junction. In the pre-Alexandrian age it was the center of the principal Persian satrapy, ad in all probability the mint-place of much of the Persian imperial coinage of darics and sigloi. In 189 B.C. it came under the rule of the Attalids of Pergamon, and fifty-six years later it passes to the Romans.    

SARDES in Lydia 133BC Authentic Ancient Greek Coin APOLLO & HERCULES CLUB i61735

Greek city of Sardes in Lydia
Bronze 15mm (4.08 grams) Struck circa 133-80 B.C.
Reference: Sear 4736; B.M.C. 22.239,18
Laureate head of Apollo right.
ΣΑΡΔΙ /ΑΝΩΝ either side of club of Hercules, monogram to right; all within oak-wreath.    

SELEUKOS I Nikator 312BC Genuine Ancient SELEUKID Greek Coin MEDUSA BULL i60960

Greek Coin of Seleukid Kingdom
Seleukos I Nikator – King: 312-280 B.C.
Bronze 18mm (7.12 grams) Struck circa 312-280 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6852 var.; HGC 9, 92a
Winged head of Medusa right, serpents in hair.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣEΛΕYKOY above and beneath humped bull butting right.    

SIDE in PAMPHYLIA 25BC Rare Authentic Ancient Greek Coin APOLLO ATHENA i61319

Greek city of Side in Pamphylia
Bronze 17mm (3.15 grams) Struck circa 25 B.C. – 100 A.D.
Laureate head of Apollo right.
Athena standing left, holding Nike in right hand and shield with left; CIΔ-H across field.

An important coastal city, south-east of Aspendos, Side was a place of great antiquity, resettled by colonists from Kyme in the 7th-6th century B.C. Its inhabitants, who abandoned Greek in favor of curious local dialect, were reputed to be most dishonest, and the city was a center for piracy in the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C.    

Syracuse Sicily 270BC King Hieron II Ancient Greek Coin Poseidon Trident i39152

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
Bronze 18mm (5.90 grams) under king Hieron II, circa 240-215 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1223; HGC 2, 1550; B.M.C. 2. 603; CNS II, p. 407, nos. 201-201/7
Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia.
Ornamented trident-head, between two dolphins, dividing IEPΩNOΣ.

When in it’s foundations that the city of Syracuse only consisted of the island of Ortygia, that island was said to have been the home of the nymph Arethusa. She had been a chaste, faithful attendant of Artemis. It is said that she got the unwanted attentions from the river god, Alpheios, while bathing in his Peloponnesian stream. Artemis hid her in a cloud in an attempt to save her, however she sweated so profusely out of fear that she was transformed into a stream. Artemis broke apart the ground to allow her to escape. She found her way to the island of Ortygia where she became the fountain on that island.    

Temnos Aiolis 350BC Rare Ancient Greek Coin Dionysos Wine God Grapes i28088

Greek city of Temnos in Aiolis
Bronze 10mm (0.80 grams) Struck 350-300 B.C.
Reference: Sear 4228; B.M.C. 17.142,1
Head of bearded Dionysos left, wreathed with ivy.
Bunch of grapes dividing T – A.

Situated a short distance east of Neonteichos, on the hill-side above the right bank of the river Hermos.    

THESSALONICA MACEDONIA 100BC Dionysus Goat Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i60853

Greek city of Thessalonica in Macedonia
Bronze 17mm (5.67 grams) Struck circa 100-51 B.C.
Reference: HGC 3, 730; Moushmov 6610; SNGCop 365
Head of Dionysus right wreathed with ivy.
ΘEΣΣAΛO / NIKHΣ to left and right of goat standing right.

Thessalonica, more anciently Therma, an ancient city in Macedonia, situated at the N.E. Extremity of the Sinus Thermaicus. Under the name of Therma it was not a place of much importance. It was taken and occupied by the Athenians a short time before the commencement of the Peloponnesian war (B.C. 432), but was soon after restored by them to Perdiccas. It was made an important city by Cassander, who collected in this place the inhabitants of several adjacent towns (about B.C. 315), and who gave it the name of Thessalonica, in honor of his wife, the daughter of Philip and sister of Alexander the Great. From this time it became a large and flourishing city. Its harbor was swell situated for commercial intercourse with the Hellespont and the Aegean; and under the Romans it had the additional advantage of lying on the Via Egnatia, which led from the W. shores of Greece to Byzantium and the East. It was visited by Apostle Paula about A.D. 53; and about 2 years afterwards he addressed from Corinth 2 epistles to his converts in the city. Thessalonica continued to be, under the empire, one of the most important cities of Macedonia; and at a later time it became the residence of the prefect, and the capital, of the Illyrian provinces. It is celebrated at this period on account of the fearful massacre of its inhabitants by order of Theodosius, in consequence of a riot in which some of the Roman officers had been assassinated by the populace.    

THYATEIRA in LYDIA 200BC Genuine Authentic Ancient Greek Coin APOLLO AXE i61306

Greek city of Thyateira in Lydia
Bronze 15mm (2.66 grams) Struck circa 200-100 B.C.
Reference Sear 4743; B.M.C. 22.292,7; SNG v. Aulock 3200
Laureate head of Apollo right.
Double-axe (labrys); ΘYATEIPHNΩΝ in fields.    

TIBERIUS 14AD Colonists Founding PARIUM with OXEN Ancient Roman Coin i55590

Tiberius – Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D.
Bronze 16mm (3.33 grams) of Parium in Mysia, circa 14-37 A.D.
Reference: Sear GIC 268; B.M.C. 15. 103,89; Cohen 206, 195; RPC I 1657
TI AVG, Bare head of Tiberius right.
Two colonists plowing right with two oxen.
This type commemorates the founding of the city, and the measurement they used to plot out the city. The ancient Romans had a standard for a city block.


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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond, running the eBay store Authentic Ancient Greek Roman Coins.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS


AFFORDABLE Ancient Greek and Roman COINS from circa 400BC-100AD

AFFORDABLE Ancient Greek and Roman COINS from circa 400BC-100AD


HORSES on Ancient Greek & Roman COINS including Races, Chariots & Pegasus

HORSES on Ancient Greek & Roman Coins Collecting Guide Collection

See depictions of Horses, Horse Riding & the Mythical Pegasus and Hippocamp on the coins of Ancient Greece and Rome

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USME5XtqhfU

Horses were a popular subject on both ancient Greek and Roman coins as they were important to the ancients. To truly think about it, the ancient economy, travel and even warfare was very dependent on this one majestic animal. This guide made by Ilya Zlobin of eBay’s Authentic Ancient Greek Roman Coins (a store where you can buy many great ancient coins) was created to get you educated about the subject of the various depictions of horses that were done on ancient coins.  The coins shown here show various rulers on horseback, horses of various types and motifs along with the various gods and goddesses such as Zeus and Apollo. In the video above, along with the pictures and descriptions below, you can see just some of the ancient coins depicting horses that were minted. You can learn a lot from this article and see some of the coins by clicking the pictures or links below.

See all the coins with:

One part you can see here are the various types of chariots pulled by horses such as biga (2 horse chariot) the triga (three horse chariot) and quadriga (four horse chariot). You will see depictions of ancient Greek, Roman Republican and even Roman Imperial coins in this article with the theme of the horse flowing through the entire thing. Various Roman emperors such as Augustus, Septimius Severus, Geta, Caracalla, Marcus Aurelius and so many more were depicted heroically on horseback. It seems that more recent rulers have adopted this tradition as we still see heroic horse mounted statues of various heroes.

An ancient coin featuring the great undefeated “conqueror of the world”, Alexander the Great, features his portrait and him on his legendary horse Bucephalus. The horse after dying in the area of northern India even got a city named after it called Bucephalia. Alexander the Great loved his horse and wound up taming it as it was wild and beautiful horse. This can be actually see in the Hollywood Oliver Stone film Alexander Revisited Director’s Cut.

Various ancient Greek cities such as those from areas of ancient Sicily, Aeolis, Thessaly, Macedonia and many more had an appreciation for horses including the tactical advantage that they gave them. A city such as Larissa actually celebrated it’s horse raising in it’s agricultural hinterland and showed them on their coins proudly. King Philip II, wound even commemorating his horse racing victory in the ancient Greek Olympic games on his coins in bronze, silver and even gold!

Moving on to coins of the Roman Republic you will see various depictions from various victories versus foes such as those from Gaul, also chariots being driven by gods such as Apollo, Zeus and Victory.

Horses also took on more mythological distinctions such as that of the flying Pegasus or the half-horse half-mermaid nautical ocean swimming helper to Poseidon or Neptune. These depictions on ancient coins were also very interesting.

In conclusion, horses could be one of the biggest subjects of connecting various cultures such as those of the Greeks, the Romans and even later “dark ages” or “medieval” time people such as the Vandals. The subject of collecting ancient coins with horses could be a gratifying topic to pursue as there is such a variety of these different coins, with many being very reasonably or low priced.

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ELAGABALUS on HORSE w LION 218AD Nicopolis Rare Ancient Roman Coin i19150

ElagabalusRoman Emperor: 218-222 A.D. –
Bronze 26mm (10.31 grams) of Nicopolis ad Istrum in Moesia Inferior
Under magistrate Novius Rufus
AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC, Radiate draped bust right.
VΠ A NOB POVΦOV NIKOΠOLITΩN ΠPOC ICTPON, Elagabalus on prancing horse right, cloak behind, holding spear pointed towards lion crouched left below.

* Numismatic Note: Intriguing rare reverse.    

PROBUS 280AD Ancient Silvered Roman Coin Rare SOL Sun God Horse i21927

ProbusRoman Emperor: 276-282 A.D.
Silvered Bronze Antoninianus 24mm (4.75 grams) Cyzicus mint: 280 A.D.
Reference: RIC 911h, C 683
IMP CM AVR PROBVS P F AVG – Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding
scepter with eagle atop.
SOLI INVICTO Exe: CM/XXIΔ – Sol riding oncoming quadriga, raising hand and holding whip with globe.    

CONSTANTINE I the Great 337AD Heaven Horse CHARIOT Ancient Roman Coin i22243

Constantine I ‘The Great’Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. –
POSTHUMOUS After Death Christian Deification Issue
Bronze AE4 15mm (1.74 grams) Struck at the mint of Cyzicus 337-340 A.D.
Reference: RIC 4 (VIII, Cyzicus)
DVCONSTANTINVSPTAVGG – Veiled head right.
No legend Exe: SMKЄ – Constantine I riding quadriga right, Hand of God above.

Posthumous means arising, occurring, or continuing after one’s death.    

AZILISES 85BC INDO SKYTHIAN King on Horse Bull Ancient Greek Coin India i46654

Central Asia Indo Skythian Kings and Satraps in India
Azilises – King, circa 85-43 B.C.
Square Bronze 27mm (11.64 grams) Uncertain mints in the Paromisadai or western Gandhara
Reference: HGC 12, 588 (R2); ISCH 2,58.3 and 58.4
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩN / ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ / ΑZΙΛΙΣΟΥ, Armored Skythian king advancing right on horseback with lowered spear.
(Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayalishasa [of Great King, King of Kings Azilises the Great]), Bull standing left; monogram and kharoshthi letter above.    

EPTIMIUS SEVERUS on horse 196AD Silver Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i51138

Septimius Severus –  Roman Emperor : 193-211 A.D. –
Silver Denarius 17mm (2.97 grams) Rome mint 196 A.D.
Reference: RIC 74, S 6256, C 6
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPVIII – Laureate head right.
ADVENTVIAVGFELICISSIMO – Septimus Severus riding horse right, raising hand.    

GYRTON in THESSALY 400BC Gyrtona Horse Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i53947

Greek city of  Gyrton in Thessaly
Bronze 16mm (4.23 grams) Struck circa 400-344 B.C.
Reference: HGC 4, 370; Sear 2086; Rogers 1932, no. 230; Weber 2807
Jugate heads right of Gyrton and horse.
ΓΥΡΤOΝΙΟΝ, Head of Gyrtona left.    

Termessos Major in Pisidia 71BC Zeus Horse Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i56085

Greek city of Termessos Major in Pisidia
Bronze 17mm (4.38 grams) Struck 71 B.C.
Reference: Sear 5495; B.M.C.19.268,3-4
Laureate head of Zeus right.
Free horse galloping left; A (=year 1) above, TEP beneath.

An important city of south-western Pisidia, high up in the Tauros mountains, Termessos at one time controlled a large area of territory extending into northern Lycia. Its position was given recognition by the Romans in 71 B.C. from which era its earliest coins date.    

KYME in AEOLIS 250BC Amazon Horse Vase Authentic Rare Ancient Greek Coin i57274

Greek city of Kyme in Aeolis
Bronze Obol 17mm (5.77 grams) Struck circa 250-200 B.C., Magistrate Diodoros
Reference: Sear 4192 var.; Ashton, Classical, Series IVa; SNG Ashmolean 1364-5; SNG Copenhagen 96
Head of Amazon Kyme right, hair bound with ribbon.
Horse pacing right, one-handled vase at feet; KY above; ΔΙΟΔΩΡOΣ in exergue.

By far the most important of the Aiolian coastal cities, Kyme was situated southwest of Myrina. For much of its history it was dominated by great powers –  Athens, the Hellenistic Kingdoms and, finally, Rome.    

PHILIP III – KASSANDER 323BC Macedonia OLYMPIC Horse Silver Greek Coin i57871

Greek Coin of
Macedonian Kingdom
Philip III, Arrhidaeus – King of Macedonia: 323-317 B.C.
Silver 1/5 Tetradrachm 12mm (2.44 grams) Amphipolis mint.
Struck Philip III – Kassander. Circa 323/2-315 .BC.
Reference: Le Rider pl. 46, 20-1; SNG ANS 723-5
Head of Apollo right, wearing tainia.
ΦΙΛΠΠΟΥ, Horseman riding right; trident below.

History and Meaning of the Coin

During the times of ancient Greeks, horse racing was one of the events various Greek city-states and kingdoms would have intense competition with each other, as it was of great prestige to participate. Before the time of Philip II, the kingdom of Macedonia was considered barbarian and not Greek. Philip II was the first king of Macedon that was accepted for participation in the event, which was a great honor all in itself. It was an even greater honor that Philip’s horses would go on to win two horse-racing events. In 356 B.C., he won the single horse event and then in 348 B.C. chariot pulled by two horses event. As a way to proudly announce, or what some would say propagandize these honors, Philip II placed a reference to these great victories on his coins struck in all three metals of bronze, silver and gold. The ancient historian, Plutarch, wrote “[Philip of Macedon] … had victories of his chariots at Olympia stamped on his coins.”

ALEXANDER III the GREAT on HORSE Bucephalus MACEDONIA KOINON Greek Coin i57875

Alexander III the Great: Macedonian Greek King: 336-323 B.C.
Pseudo-Autonomous Issue under the Romans
Bronze 24mm (7.38 grams) from the Koinon of Macedonia in Thrace
Struck circa time of emperor Severus Alexander, circa 222-235 A.D.
Reference: AMNG 565 var.
AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose, flowing hair.
KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NЄΩ, Alexander the Great on his legendary horse, Bucephalus, galloping right with cape flowing behind him and raising right hand in which he holds a spear.* Numismatic Note: Amazing coin being issued over 500 years after the death of Alexander the Great, featuring his portrait. Alexander the Great was and still is a great hero of antiquity showing the amazing effect one man can have on history in just  short while of just 13 years! Macedonia was a province under the control of the Romans, which was created out of the kingdom of Macedonia which Alexander the Great was king of. Interesting to note that this being a pseudo-autonomous issue featuring Alexander the Great instead of the Roman emperor of the time.    

KASSANDER killer of Alexander the Great son Ancient Greek Coin Horse i58302

Greek coin of the Kingdom of Macedonia
KassanderMacedonian King: 319-297 B.C.
Bronze 18mm (6.34 grams) Struck circa 319-297 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6754; Price (Coins of the Macedonians) pl. XII, 65
Head of young Hercules right, clad in lion’s skin.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / KAΣΣAΝΔΡΟΥ above and beneath naked youth on horse pacing right.    

Syracuse Sicily 375BC Tyrant Dionysios Greek Coin ATHENA HIPPOCAMP Horse i58435

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
Bronze Trias 20mm (8.25 grams) Struck under Dionysios I and Dionysios II, circa 375-344 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1456; Sear 1193 (Timoleon time); B.M.C. 2. 289; CNS II, nos. 34-45
ΣYPA, Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet bound with olive-wreath.
Hippocamp left, with curled wing.

When in it’s foundations that the city of Syracuse only consisted of the island of Ortygia, that island was said to have been the home of the nymph Arethusa. She had been a chaste, faithful attendant of Artemis. It is said that she got the unwanted attentions from the river god, Alpheios, while bathing in his Peloponnesian stream. Artemis hid her in a cloud in an attempt to save her, however she sweated so profusely out of fear that she was transformed into a stream. Artemis broke apart the ground to allow her to escape. She found her way to the island of Ortygia where she became the fountain on that island.    

Carthage in Zeugitana 400BC Tanit Cult & Horse Rare Ancient Greek Coin i58441

Greek city of  Carthage in Zeugitana
Bronze 16mm (5.43 grams) Struck 400-350 B.C.
Reference: Alexandropoulos 15a; SNG Copenhagen 97; Müller –
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn.
Horse galloping right; ground line beneath.    

Carthage in Zeugitana 300BC Authentic Ancient Greek Coin Horse Palm tree i59225

Greek city of  Carthage in Zeugitana
Bronze 20mm (6.97 grams) Struck 300-264 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6531; Muller II, 104,317; SNG Copenhagen 102
Head and neck of horse right.
Palm-tree.    

LARISSA THESSALY 360BC BULL HORSE MAN Ancient Silver Greek Coin RARE R2 i60293

Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly
Silver Drachm 18mm (6.03 grams) Struck circa 360-356 B.C.
Reference: HGC 4, 449 Rare R2; Hermann pl. IV, 17; SNG Copenhagen 118; BCD Thessaly I, 1136; BCD Thessaly II, 186  |  Pedigree: Ex Christopher “Kit” Reed Collection
ΛAPIΣAION above bull running right.
Horseman wearing kausia and cape riding right.    

Roman Republic 90BC VICTORY PEGASUS Quinarius Ancient Silver Roman Coin i60457

Roman Republic Q. Titius moneyer
Silver Quinarius 14mm (1.87 grams) Rome mint, struck circa 90 B.C.
Reference: Titia 3; B.M.C. 2229; Syd. 693; Craw. 341/3
Bust of Victory draped and winged right.
Pegasus springs right, Q . TITI below breast.

Jesus Christ Birth Magii Azes II on Horse 35BC Ancient Silver Greek Coin i60623

Indo-Scythian Kingdom in Northern India
King Azes II – Indo-Scythian King – Reigned: circa 35 B.C.- 12 B.C. or later, possibly up to 5 A.D.
Silver Drachm 14mm (2.44 grams) Struck circa 35 B.C. – 12 B.C. / 5 A.D.
Uncertain min in Hazara-Kashmir
Reference: HGC 12, 647 (Rare R2)
King with coat of mail, on horse, holding elephant goad, with Greek royal headband; Kharoshthi letter to right. Greek legend BAΣIΛEΩΣ BASIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY AZOY “The Great King of Kings Azes”.
Diademed Zeus standing left, holding Nike and scepter; monogram to left and Kharosthi letter to right.
Kharoshti legend MAHARAJASA RAJADIRAJASA MAHATASA AYASA “The Great King of Kings Azes”.

* Numismatic Note: This coin circulated around the time of the birth of Jesus Christ. It is from the area far east in the Indo-Scythian Kingdom in Northern India. This type of coin could have been carried by the Magii that went to see Jesus from the east. Gold, frankincense, and myrrh was available and traded in the area of northern India and was something that would be brought west from there. India was a great source for spices and other other exotic goods and caravans would travel from there bringing them for trade. It is believed that Jesus may have been born back as far back as 5 B.C. based on some of the biblical accounts. If this king lived up to 5 B.C. or later, which may be possible, he could have been then one of the kings that visited Jesus at his birth. Or if this coin was carried by the Magii, his coin could have came and visited Jesus. Since these kings may have traveled on horses, a king of those times would look like the king pictured on this coin. And it is also possible that one of his successors could have been some of the kings that visited Jesus at birth. Then again, they would have with them the circulating coin of the realm, and some of those which could have been the coin of this ruler. It is amazing to hold this coin connected to that amazing historical period.    

PANORMOS Palermo Sicily 3CenBC Zeus Horse Sun RARE R1 Ancient Greek Coin i60663

Greek city of  Panormos in  Sicily
Bronze 16mm (3.18 grams) Struck early 3rd Century B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1073 Rare R1; CNS I, p. 340, no. 61
Laureate head of Zeus left.
Horse galloping left; sun above; ΠΑ monogram below.

The principal Phoenician city in Sicily, Panormos produced a limited coinage in the latter part of the 5th Century; but following the great success of Carthaginian arms, 409-405 B.C., the issues of the mint became much larger. The types are mostly copied form the coinages of other Sicilian cities, such as Gela, Segesta and Syracuse.    

AUGUSTUS 8BC Caius Caesar on Horse Ancient Silver Denarius Roman Coin i60671

AugustusRoman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.47 grams) Lugdunum mint, struck 8-6 B.C.
Reference: Seaby 40; B.M.C., Gaul 223, Imp. 500; R.I.C. 348
Certification: NOT CERTIFIED because “EDGE FRAGILE, THUS INELIGIBLE TYPE”
AVGVSTVS DIVI F, his laureate head right.
C . CAES above Caius Caesar galloping right, eagle between two standards behind, AVGVS . F in exergue.

Caius was the grandson of Augustus but he adopted him as his son and heir together with his brother Lucius.    

Roman Republic 137BC Rome Apollo Chariot Original Ancient Silver Coin NGC i60511

Roman Republic  M. Baebius Q. f. Tampilus moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm Rome mint, circa 137 B.C.
Reference: Baebia 12; B.M.C. 935; Syd. 489; Craw. 236/1a-d,f
Certification: NGC Ancients Ch XF  1883237-003
Head of Roma left, X below chin, TAMPIL behind.
Apollo in quadriga right, ROMA below horses, M . BAEBI . Q . F . in exergue.     

Roman Republic 47BC Rome MEDUSA AURORA Horses Ancient Silver Coin NGC i60153

Roman Republic  L. Plautius Plancus moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.49 grams) Rome mint, circa 47 B.C.
Reference: Plautia 14; B.M.C. 4009; Syd. 959b; Craw. 453/1c
Certification: NGC Ancients F  4375823-255
Mask of Medusa, facing, hair disheveled, L PLAVTIVS below.
Aurora flying right conducting the four horses of the Sun, PLANCVS below.    

Roman Republic 136BC Roma Jupiter Chariot Ancient Silver Coin NGC Ch AU i58170

Roman Republic  L. Antestius Gragulus moneyer
Silver Denarius 17mm Rome mint, circa 136 B.C.
Reference: Antestia 9; B.M.C. 976; Syd. 451 and 465; Craw. 238/1
Certification: NGC Ancients Ch AU  4252368-009
Head of Roma right, star below chin, GRAG behind head.
Jupiter in quadriga right, L . ANTES below horses, ROMA in exergue.    

KELENDERIS CILICIA 425BC Stater Horse Rider Goat Silver Greek Coin NGC i58232

Greek city of Kelenderis in  Cilicia
Silver Stater 22mm (10.69 grams) Struck circa 425-400 B.C.
Reference: SNG BN Paris 49 (stgl.). SNG von Aulock 5627 (stgl.). Kraay, Celenderis Hoard, NC 1962, 5, 16 (stgl.); Sear 5529 var.
Certification: NGC Ancients  XF  Strike: 4/5 Surface: 4/5  4375810-019
Naked rider, with whip in left hand, seated sideways on horse prancing left, from which he is about to dismount, KEΛ below.
Goat kneeling left, looking back; ivy-spray above goat.    

SKOTUSSA THESSALY 440BC Horse Wheat-grain Ancient Silver Greek Coin NGC i58233

Greek city of Skotussa in Thessaly
Silver Drachm 18mm (6.04 grams) Struck circa 440-420 B.C.
Reference: HGC 4, 587; Sear 2217; BCD Thessaly II, lots 728-729; Weber 2927
Certification: NGC Ancients  Ch VF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5  4375810-021
Forepart of horse prancing left.
ΣKO, Wheat-grain in its husk; all within incuse square.    

BELIKIO in IBERIA Spain 100BC Man Horse Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC i58694

Greek city of Belikio in Iberia ( Spain)
Bronze Unit 22mm Struck circa 100-70 B.C.
Reference: ACIP 1433; SNG BM Spain 763-70; SNG Copenhagen 321; SNG Lorichs 790-4; MHBNF 1192-5
Certification: NGC Ancients XF  4371932-012
Bare bearded head right, wearing necklace; Iberian be to left.
Warrior, holding couched spear in right hand, on horseback right; Iberian belikiom below.    

LARISSA THESSALY 356BC Silver Drachm Nymph Horse Ancient Greek Coin NGC i59812

Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly
Silver Drachm 20mm (5.75 grams) Struck circa 356-320 B.C.
Reference: HGC 4, 453; BCD Thessaly II, lot 280
Certification: NGC Ancients Ch VF  4375823-194
Head of nymph Larissa facing three-quarters left, wearing ampyx.
ΛAPI/ΣΑIΩN, Horse grazing right.    

Roman Republic 90BC PRIAPUS Fertility God PEGASUS Ancient Silver Coin NGC i59808

Roman Republic  Q. Titius moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.66 grams) Rome mint: 90 B.C.
Reference: Titia 1; B.M.C. 2220; Syd. 691; Craw. 341/1
Certification: NGC Ancients Ch VF  4375823-144
Head of Mutinus Titinus right, bound with winged diadem.
Q . TITI on tablet from which springs Pegasus right.

The god Mutinus Titinus is the same as Priapus, who had a temple at Rome, and who was especially worshipped by young married women. Statues of Priapus were common in ancient Greece and Rome, standing in gardens or at doorways and crossroads. To propitiate Priapus, the traveler would stroke the statue’s penis as he passed by.

CORINTH 375BC Ancient Silver Greek PEGASUS ATHENA TRISKELES Coin NGC VF i59867

Greek city of Corinth in Corinthia
Silver Stater 21mm (8.40 grams) Struck circa 375-300 B.C.
Reference: Ravel 1065; Pegasi 383; BCD Corinth 126
Certification: NGC Ancients VF  4375823-161
Pegasus, with pointed wing, flying left; koppa beneath.
Helmeted head of Athena left; behind, N and triskeles of crescents within circle.    

Roman Republic 102BC Cybele Victory Chariot Stork Ancient Silver Coin NGC i59832

Roman Republic  C. Fabius C.f. Hadrianus moneyer
Silver Denarius 21mm (3.91 grams) Rome mint, struck circa 102 B.C.
Reference: Fabia 15; B.M.C. 1581-90; SYd. 589; Craw. 322/1
Certification: NGC Ancients VF  4375823-230
Veiled and turreted head of Cybele right, B over dot behind.
Victory in biga right, stork before, C . FABI . C . F in exergue.     

Roman Republic 55BC Mars Horse Warrior Defeats Gaul Enemy Silver Coin NGC i59868

Roman Republic  P. Fonteius P. f. Capito moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.87 grams) Rome mint, circa 55 B.C.
Reference: Fonteia 17; B.M.C. 3851; Syd. 900; Craw. 429/1
Certification: NGC Ancients  Ch F  4375823-158
P. FONTEIVS . P . CAPITO . III . VIR, bust of Mars right, trophy behind.
MN . FONT . TR . MIL above warrior on horseback thrusting his spear at Gaulish enemy who is about to slay a third combatant who is unarmed, helmet and oval shield below on right.    

PERDIKKAS II King of MACEDONIA 451BC Silver Greek Coin Horse Helmet NGC i61901

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom
Perdikkas II – King of Macedonia: 451-413 B.C.
Silver Tetrobol 13mm (1.87 grams)
Reference: Sear 1487; Raymond 139. SNG ANS 37-41
Certification: NGC Ancients Ch VF  4529163-010
Horse walking to right.
Crested helmed right within linear square border within square incuse.    

VANDALS of CARTHAGE 523AD Soldier Horse Nummi Ancient Barbarian Coin NGC i61208

VANDALS. Semi-autonomous Municipal coinage of Carthage. Circa 480-533 A.D.
Bronze Nummi 20mm (7.32 grams) Class 2. Struck circa 523-533 A.D.
Reference: Hahn, Wertsystem 18; MEC 1, 45-47; BMC Vandals 14-17
Certification: NGC Ancients VF  Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5  4529170-004
BART HACO, Soldier standing facing, holding spear.
Head of bridled horse left; XXI in exergue.    

Roman Republic 82BC Apollo Stork Horse Authentic Ancient Silver Coin NGC i59975

Roman Republic  Pub. Crepusius moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.78 grams) Rome mint, circa 82 B.C.
Reference: Crepusia 1; B.M.C. 2673-2715; Syd. 738a; Craw. 361/1c
Certification: NGC Ancients Ch VF  4375823-103
Laureate head of Apollo right, scepter over shoulder, C behind, stork below chin.
Horseman galloping right, hurling spear, number behind, P . CREPVSI in exergue.    

GETA 200AD Rome CASTOR with Horse of Gemini Twins Silver Roman Coin NGC i59903

GetaRoman Emperor: 209-211 A.D.
Silver Denarius 19mm (2.99 grams) Struck at the mint of Rome mint, 200-202 A.D.
Reference: BMCRE 216. RIC 6. RSC 12. Hill 659
Certification: NGC Ancients Ch XF  4375823-231
. P SEPT GETA – CAES PONT, bare-headed, draped bust of the child Geta right.
CASTOR, Castor standing facing, head left, holding scepter, by side of horse left.

* Numismatic Note: Very rare type with one of the Dioscuri twins. This perhaps is an allusion to Geta being the mortal Castor while his older brother, Caracalla may have been Pollux. This is one of the interpretations that can be made from the coin as Carcalla and Geta were brothers and emperors would often try to equate themselves with mythologies.    

KORKYRA Corcyra Corfu DIONYSUS PEGASUS Ancient Silver Greek Coin NGC XF i59904

Greek city of  Korkyra on island of Corfu off  Epeiros
Silver Drachm 20mm (3.83 grams) Struck circa 229-48 B.C.
Reference: HGC 6, 65 Rare R1 ; SNG Copenhagen 196-199
Certification: NGC Ancients XF  4375823-399
Head of young Dionysus right, wreathed with viy.
Pegasus flying right; monograms below.    

Roman Republic ROME King Aqueduct Horse Statue Ancient Silver Coin NGC i59905

Roman Republic  L. Marcius Philippus moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.46 grams) Rome mint, circa 56 B.C.
Reference: Marcia 28; B.M.C. 3890; Syd. 919; Craw. 425/1
Certification: NGC Ancients VF  4375823-408
ANCVS below diademed head of Ancus Marcius right, lituus behind.
PHILIPPVS behind equestrian statue right on an arcade of five arches within
which A Q V A MAR, flower below horses.

The Marcia gens claimed descent from Ancus Marcius, the fourth king of Rome, who is said to have been the first to bring water to Rome by means of an aqueduct. The equestrian statue is that of Q. Marcius Rex, who, when praetor in B.C. 144, was commissioned by the Senate to repair the old aqueducts and to build one which would give a supply of water to the Capitol. This aqueduct is known as the Aqua Marcia.



Ancient Roman Camp Gate CoinsDownload this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond, running the eBay store Authentic Ancient Greek Roman Coins.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS


Horses on Ancient Greek and Roman Coins

hthttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USME5XtqhfU


What We Can Learn from Ancient Coins & How They Influenced Our Modern World

Ancient Coins. What We Can Learn. How Coins Changed Us.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r42ACDo3CJo

About the Video

Ancient coin expert, Mike Markowitz gets interviewed about ancient coins and their role in the creation of Western civilization. He explains how ancient coins were works of art in their own right and how it is a miracle a coin survived to our modern times. Some of the topics he covers are the symbolism on coins and what it was like to live in the ancient world fraught with danger. A great must-watch video for those interested in ancient Greek and Roman coin collecting.

Where to See More Ancient Coins

Visit http://stores.ebay.com/Authentic-Ancient-Greek-Roman-Coins for a selection of thousands of authentic ancient Greek, Roman, Biblical, Byzantine and even World coins.


Download this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS


Ancient Greek and Roman Coins of the Bible Tribute Penny Widow’s Mite 30 Pieces

Ancient Greek and Roman Coins of the Bible Tribute Penny Widow’s Mite 30 Pieces

Learn about the many different coins that were described in the bible with this helpful video presentation of coins from the ANA.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sUoR1Mhoz-8

Coins explored in the video and in the presentation:

  • Half Shekel of Tyre coin used by the ancient Jewish people to pay the yearly tax due on visits.
  • Widow’s Mite, a coin where the moral of the story is that giving or doing your best counts more, even though some could give more.
  • Tribute Penny coin of Roman emperor Tiberius, which was circulating during the lifetime and crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
  • Pontius Pilate coin, a local procurator, or ruler on behalf of the Roman empire before whom Jesus Christ was brought for his trial and crucifixion.

Historical ancient coins give us a great connection to the past. I am an ancient coin expert, enthusiast, author and dealer and have many of these coins available for sale in my eBay store here: http://stores.ebay.com/Authentic-Ancient-Greek-Roman-Coins

I have many articles and videos on the subject of ancient coins and history here: http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/

Photo Gallery

Click the pictures to enlarge

Widow's Mite, Herod the Great, Half Shekel of Tyre
Famous Widow’s Mite coin explained, Herod the Great Birth of Jesus time coins, and the Famous Jewish Temple Tax Half Shekel of Tyre explained
Tribute Penny, Thirty Pieces of Silver and Pontius Pilate coins explained
Tribute Penny, Thirty Pieces of Silver and Pontius Pilate coins explained

Herod The Great, Alexander Jannaeus, Half Shekel of Tyre

Biblical coins related to people of the Christian and Jewish Faiths

Display of the famous biblical "Tribute Penny" of emperor Tiberius, the Shekel of Tyre known as the 30 Pieces of Silver Judas betrayed Jesus for, Pontius Pilate the Roman ruler whom Christ was crucified under and the first Byzantine gold coin featuring Jesus Christ.
Display of the famous biblical “Tribute Penny” of emperor Tiberius, the Shekel of Tyre known as the 30 Pieces of Silver Judas betrayed Jesus for, Pontius Pilate the Roman ruler whom Christ was crucified under and the first Byzantine gold coin featuring Jesus Christ.
Plaque Describing the Different coins such as the Tiberius Tribute Penny, Thirty Pieces of Silver, Phoenician Shekel of Tyre, Pontius Pilate and first appearance of Christ on coinage.
Plaque Describing the Different coins such as the Tiberius Tribute Penny, Thirty Pieces of Silver, Phoenician Shekel of Tyre, Pontius Pilate and first appearance of Christ on coinage.

Related Articles:


Ancient Roman Camp Gate CoinsDownload this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS

ANCIENT GREEK COINS Research How To Checklist Article with Video

Ancient Greek Coins by Area, City and King – CHECKLIST & RESEARCH Tool

Find Every Ancient Greek Coin in Existence for Sale & Research The Types Minted in One Article

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zPjq39ZyiJY

The goal of this article is simple, it is to educate people on the types of ancient Greek coins in existence, and help them find them for sale in my eBay store: http://stores.ebay.com/Authentic-Ancient-Greek-Roman-Coins with a simple click of the mouse. I included links to the best ancient Greek and Roman coin research site, WildWinds.com for you to be able to see examples of even the rarest ancient Greek and Roman coins. To use this tool, know that clicking on the text of a name will make you search for the term inside my eBay store, to see if there are examples for sale, and clicking the term “Research” will take you to the appropriate page with the research information. Additional articles on coin collecting can be found at my website: http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/.

Benefits and Instructions

The benefits you will receive with this article is that it’s an immense research library, referencing important books, and including descriptions and pictures condensed to one PDF file you can download to your computer. You can print it and use it as a checklist of coins to add to your collection, including learning about some of the extremely rare types.  Additionally there are “Encyclopedia” entries that can be read about the different areas or kingdoms by clicking the term.

  • This article can easily be accessed by typing or clicking link: http://bit.ly/greekcoinslist
  • Download this article to your computer by right clicking and selecting “save as” from the menu the following link: http://www.trustedcoins.com/pdf/researching-ancient-greek-coins-how-to-checklist.pdf
  • To search this article, press the keys CTRL+F or (APPLE Key)+F on Mac key combination to open up a search screen to find terms of interest.
  • You can also print this article and use it as a checklist. I recommend downloading the PDF as per instructions above for this purpose. To do quick searches for coins, you can always go back to this article via link: http://bit.ly/greekcoinslist. There are many rare, and possibly unpublished types in my store, that only knowing about and having this list will allow you to know about and find.
  • The other benefit of this is that you can use the immense research database on Wildwinds to educate yourself on the subject by clicking the “Research” links on the topics of interst.
  • Learn more about the physical reference works necessary for an ancient coin collector, enthusiast or even dealer here: Ancient Greek Roman Byzantine Medieval Coins Reference Books Guide and Review (Article with Video).

List of Every Ancient Greek City, Kingdom, or King in Alphabetical Order by Area

AeolisEncyclopedia

AiginaEncyclopedia

AitoliaEncyclopedia

AkarnaniaEncyclopedia

ApuliaEncyclopedia

ArabiaEncyclopedia

ArgolisEncyclopedia

ArkadiaEncyclopedia

ArmeniaEncyclopedia

Asia MinorEncyclopedia

AtticaEncyclopedia

AxumEncyclopedia

BabylonEncyclopedia

BaktriaEncyclopedia

BithyniaEncyclopedia

BoeotiaEncyclopedia

BosporusEncyclopedia

BruttiumEncyclopedia

ByzaceneEncyclopedia

CalabriaEncyclopedia

CampaniaEncyclopedia

CappadociaEncyclopedia

CariaEncyclopedia

CharaceneEncyclopedia

CiliciaEncyclopedia

CommageneEncyclopedia

CorcyraEncyclopedia

CorinthEncyclopedia

CreteEncyclopedia

CycladesEncyclopedia

CyprusEncyclopedia

DaciaEncyclopedia

EgyptEncyclopedia

ElisEncyclopedia

ElymaisEncyclopedia

EpeirosEncyclopedia

EtruriaEncyclopedia

EuboiaEncyclopedia

FrentaniEncyclopedia

GalatiaEncyclopedia

GaulEncyclopedia

IllyriaEncyclopedia

Indo Skythians (Encyclopedia) , Indo Parthians (Encyclopedia) and Kushans (Encyclopedia) (see also Baktria (Encyclopedia))

IoniaEncyclopedia

ItalyEncyclopedia

Judaea (Encyclopedia)  (see also Palestine (Encyclopedia) )

KolchisEncyclopedia

KyrenaicaEncyclopedia

LakoniaEncyclopedia

LatiumEncyclopedia

LesbosEncyclopedia

LokrisEncyclopedia

LucaniaEncyclopedia

LycaoniaEncyclopedia

LyciaEncyclopedia

LydiaEncyclopedia

MacedoniaEncyclopedia

MauretaniaEncyclopedia

MegarisEncyclopedia

MesopotamiaEncyclopedia

MesseniaEncyclopedia

MoesiaEncyclopedia

MysiaEncyclopedia

NumidiaEncyclopedia

PaeoniaEncyclopedia

PalestineEncyclopedia

PamphyliaEncyclopedia

PaphlagoniaEncyclopedia

PeloponnesosEncyclopedia

PersisEncyclopedia

PhoeniciaEncyclopedia

PhokisEncyclopedia

PhrygiaEncyclopedia

PicenumEncyclopedia

PisidiaEncyclopedia

PontusEncyclopedia

RhodesEncyclopedia

SamariaEncyclopedia

SardiniaEncyclopedia

SarmatiaEncyclopedia

ScythiaEncyclopedia

SeleukidEncylopedia

SicilyEncyclopedia

SikyonEncyclopedia

SpainEncyclopedia

SeleukisEncyclopedia

Syrtica

ThessalyEncyclopedia

ThraceEncyclopedia

Thraco macedonian tribes

TroasEncyclopedia

UmbriaEncyclopedia

ZeugitanaEncyclopedia


 Researching Ancient Greek Coins How To Checklist Article & eBay Items for Sale Search Tool


COINS of ARABIA – Arab Caravan Kingdom of Nabataea Explored in Video GUIDE Article

Ancient Coins of ARABIA – Arab Caravan Kingdoms Greek Roman Times

Learn more about the Types of Coins issued by the Kingdom of Nabataea of ancient Petra in Jordan and the Greek and Roman coins

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQGrbChG7Hs

Ancient Arabia from circa 250’s B.C. to circa 250 A.D. is an interesting topic to explore. There were many different types of coins issued. One of the most powerful kingdoms of the area was the Kingdom of Nabataea. This was a kingdom based in the middle of the desert and was known as a Caravan Kingdom as a lot of caravans passed through there on their way from further south and even east. The kingdom prospered and to this day, the ruins that are left from that time period are gorgeous and an archeological site of importance.

Arabia was to the south of ancient Jerusalem and is therefore an important neighbor that has played a role in ancient biblical history. The Romans at one point consolidated all of Arabia into a province with same name, ending the Kingdom of Nabataea along with others.

The goal of this guide is to explore many different types of ancient coins.

Educational Video about Ancient Petra

This is a great video about the topic of ancient Petra with breathtaking views. Great to watch before looking at the coins to understand their context.

Anonymous Arab Kingdom of Nabataea PETRA 270BC Athena Nike Greek Coin i46676

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea, Anonymous
Bronze 16mm (4.04 grams) Petra mint, circa 270-72 B.C.
Reference: HGC 10, 671; Meshorer, Nabataea 1-4
Helmeted head of Athena right.
Nike advancing left, holding wreath and cornucopia; crescent above Λ in field to left.The northern kingdom of Arabia of the Nabataean people, with Petra being the capital existed until early 2nd century A.D. when Roman emperor Trajan created the province of Arabia.

ARABIA Saba Kingdom 160BC Owl as Athens Silver Ancient Greek Coin RARE i47784

 Arabia Kingdom of Saba
Silver ‘Tetradrachm’ 28mm (4.87 grams) Struck circa 160-130 B.C.
Reference: HGC 10, 725; Munro-Hay 1.13il
Laureate male head with long hair right.
Owl standing right on amphora; monograms to left and right.* Numismatic Note: The coins of this kingdom use the reverse similar to the “New Style” tetradrachm coins of Athens, and what the obverse ostensibly is similar to the Roman Republican L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi denarius or perhaps a royal portrait.

Pompey the Great General Beats Aretas III Arab Nabatea Silver Roman Coin i46389

Roman Republic M. Aemilius Scaurus and Pub. Plautius Hypsaeus moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.68 grams) Rome mint at Rome 58 B.C.
Reference: Aemilia 8; B.M.C. 3878; Syd. 913; Craw. 422/lb; Hendin 1443
M . SCAVR / AED CVR above king Aretas kneeling beside a camel r., EX on ,
S . C on right, REX ARETAS in exergue.
HYPSAE (vs) / AED CVR above Jupiter in quadriga left, CAPTVM on right,
c. HYPSAEVS cos PREIV (ER) in ex. scorpion below horses.This coin commemorated the victory over Aretas III by Pompey the Great’s general, Marcus Aemilius Scaurus. King Aretas III was an ally and supported John Hyrcanus II in war against his brother, Aristobulus II. Upon defeat, King Aretas had to pay a massive sum of 300 talents as a fine to Pompey the Great. M. Aemilius and Pub. Plautius were curule aediles together in 58 B.C. It is interesting to note that this is one of the earliest types that had the moneyer commemorate their own accomplishments on a coin.”Aristobulus was not able to make resistance, but was deserted in his first onset, and was driven to Jerusalem: he also had been taken at first by force, if Scaurus, the Roman general, had not come and seasonably interposed himself and raised the siege.” (Josephus, Wars, 1, VI:2)
Click here to see all coins of the Roman Republic for sale
or read the Guide to the Coins of the Roman Republic

King Syllaeus of Arab Caravan Kingdom of Nabataea Ancient Greek Type Coin i50391

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Syllaeus – King: 9 B.C.
Bronze 15mm (2.49 grams) Petra mint, Struck 9 B.C.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 42
Diademed head of Obodas III right.
Two cornucopiae crossed.

ARETAS IV 9BC Arab Kingdom of Nabataea Authentic PETRA Ancient Greek Coin i46668

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Aretas IV – King: 9 B.C. – 40 A.D.
Bronze 16mm (2.00 grams) Petra mint, Struck circa 4 B.C. – 1 A.D.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 70
Laureate head right, Aramaic het in front.
Crossed cornucopiae; Aramaic het between.

ARETAS IV & SHAQUILATH Arab Kingdom of Nabataea PETRA Ancient Greek Coin i46666

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Aretas IV Aretas IV, with Shaqilath
Bronze 15mm (2.63 grams) Petra mint, circa 11-40 A.D.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 97
Aretas standing facing, head left, wearing military attire, holding spear and placing hand on hilt of sword; palm frond to left, monogram to right.
Shaqilath standing left, raising hand; wreath to left; to right, name in Aramaic in three lines.

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea ARETAS IV & SHAQUILAT PETRA Ancient Greek Coin i466722

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Aretas IV King Aretas IV with Queen Shaqilath
Bronze 20mm (4.36 grams) Petra mint, circa 11-40 A.D.
Reference: Sear GIC 5699; B.M.C. 28.8,15; Meshorer, Nabataea 114
Conjoined bustsr right of Aretas, laureate, and Queen Shaqilath, draped; Aramaic letters in field.
Two cornucopiae, crossed; between them, Aramaic legend = ‘Aretas, Shaqilath’ in three lines.

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea ARETAS IV & SHQUILATH Silver Ancient Greek Coin i46670

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Aretas IV – King: 9 B.C. – 40 A.D.
Debased Silver Drachm 16mm (3.28 grams) Petra mint: 11 A.D.
Reference: Sear GIC 5695; Cf. Meshorer, Nabataea 100
Laureate bust of Aretas right; around, Aramaic legend = ‘Aretas, king of Nabataea, lover of his people’.
Conjoined draped busts right of Aretas, laureate, and Queen Shaquilath; around, Aramaic legend = ‘Shaquilath, queen of Nabataea, year 20’ (= c. A.D. 11).

Aretas IV Arab Kingdom of Nabataea PETRA 4BC Original Ancient Greek Coin i503900

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Aretas IV – King: 9 B.C. – 40 A.D.
Bronze 14mm (1.87 grams) Petra mint, circa 4/3 B.C.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 77 var. (o instead of ﬣ on obverse)
Laureate head of Aretas IV right, in field to right, ﬣ.
Two cornucopia crossed; in field on right, ﬣ, on left, o.

ARETAS IV 9BC Arab Kingdom of Nabataea Authentic Ancient PETRA Greek Coin i466777

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Aretas IV – King: 9 B.C. – 40 A.D.
Bronze 14mm (2.41 grams) Petra mint
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea, 61A
Laureate head right.
Two cornucopias with palm; Aramaic inscription around.

Aretas IV Arab Kingdom of Nabataea PETRA 4BC Original Ancient Greek Coin i503855

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Aretas IV – King: 9 B.C. – 40 A.D.
Bronze 13mm (2.24 grams) Petra mint, circa 4/3 B.C.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 68
Laureate head of Aretas IV right.
Two cornucopia crossed; monogram (= ﬣﬧ) between.

King Aretas IV of Arab Caravan Kingdom of Nabataea Ancient BibleTime Coin i50387

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Aretas IV – King: 9 B.C. – 40 A.D.
Bronze 14mm (2.04 grams) Petra mint, Struck 4/3 B.C.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 74 var.
Laureate head of Aretas IV right.
Two cornucopiae crossed; between them, o.

King Aretas IV of Arab Caravan Kingdom of Nabataea 4BC Ancient Bible Coin i504000

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Aretas IV – King: 9 B.C. – 40 A.D.
Bronze 15mm (2.20 grams) Petra mint, Struck 4/3 B.C.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 76
Laureate head of Aretas IV right; in field, right, ח.
Two cornucopiae crossed between them, caduceus; on staff of caduceus, above, ח below, o; in field left, ח.

MALICHUS II & SHAQILATH II Arab Kingdom of Nabataea PETRA Rare Greek Coin i46669

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea
Malichus II – King: 40-71 A.D.
Malichus II and Queen Shaqilath II
Silver Drachm 15mm (3.73 grams) Petra mint, Struck circa 49 A.D.
Reference: Sear GIC 5702; Cf. Meshorer, Nabataea 134
Laureate bust of Malichus right; around, Aramaic legend = ‘Malichus the king, king of Nabataea, year 9’ (= circa A.D. 49)
Veiled and draped bust of Queen Shaquilath II right; around, Aramaic legend = ‘Shaqilath, his siter, queen of Nabataea’.

King Malichus II Arab Caravan Kingdom of Nabataea 64AD Greek Type Coin i50452

Arab Kingdom of f Nabataea Malichus II – King: 70-106 A.D.
Bronze 16mm (2.73 grams) Petra mint, Struck 64/65 A.D.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 140
Jugate heads of Malichus II and Shuqailat II right, the king laureate, with hair hanging down to nape of neck, wearing V-shaped ornament above forehead, the queen laureate; in field, ש מ .
Two cornucopiae crossed; between them, above and below, in three lines, inscription מלכן/שקי/לת  (Malichus/Shuqai/lat).

King Rabbel II Arab Caravan Kingdom of Nabataea 75AD Greek Type Coin i50401

Arab Kingdom of f Nabataea Rabbel II – King: 70-106 A.D.
Bronze 16mm (2.52 grams) Petra mint, Struck 75/76 A.D.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 146
Jugate portraits of Rabbel II and Shuqailat right, both laureate, head of Rabbel with very long hair covering nape of neck, but of Shuqailat draped.
Two cornucopiae crossed; between them, above and below, in three lines, inscription רבאל/שקילת/אמה (Rabbel/Shuqailat/his mother)

ARABIA FELIX HIMYARITES Yemen Ancient Silver Quinarius Greek-like Coin i39632

ARABIA FELIX – Under HIMYARITES
Scyphate Silver Quinarius 14mm (1.00 grams)
“RYDN” Royal Series. “‘MDN BYN” (Amdan Bayyin). Circa 80-100  A.D.
Reference: Malcom-Hay 3.4i; BMC Arabia pg. 71, 1; SNG ANS 1596
Male head right within torc; monogram behind.
“‘MDNIBYNI” around, “RYDN” in exergue, small head right; “sceptre” symbol before.

King Rabbel II Gamilat Arab Caravan Kingdom of Nabataea 101AD Greek Coin i5041717

Arab Kingdom of Nabataea Rabbel II – King: 70-106 A.D.
Bronze 17mm (3.47 grams) Petra mint, Struck 101/102 A.D.
Reference: Meshorer, Nabataea 163A
Jugate portraits of Rabbel II, his head laureate, with particularly long hair coming down to nape of neck, undraped, and of Gamilat, laureate, her bust draped.
Two cornucopiae crossed; between them, in two lines, inscription רבאל/גמלת (Rabbel/Gamilat).

TRAJAN creates ARABIA Province 112AD Camel Ancient Silver Roman Rome Coin i53225

TrajanRoman Emperor : 98-117 A.D. –
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.01 grams) Rome mint: 112 A.D.
Reference: RIC 245; BMCRE 474. Cohen 26 (3 Fr.)
IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, Laureate, draped bust right left shoulder.
S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIP Exe: ARAB ADQ, Arabia standing, facing, holding branch
and cinnamon sticks; camel to left.

SEVERUS ALEXANDER 222AD Bostra Arabia Zeus-Ammon Ancient Roman Coin i38501

Severus AlexanderRoman Emperor: 222-235 A.D.
Bronze 18mm (5.32 grams) of Bostra in Arabia
Reference: Kindler 38; Spijkerman 48; Rosenberger 41; SNG ANS 1222
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander right, seen from behind.
Draped bust of Zeus-Ammon right. 

PHILIP I the ARAB 248AD 1000 Years of Rome Wolf Twins Silver Roman Coin i5217070

 Philip I ‘the Arab’Roman Emperor: 244-249 A.D. –
Silver Antoninianus 23mm (3.95 grams) Rome mint: 248 A.D.
Commemorating the 1000th anniversary of Rome
Reference: RIC 15; C 178
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
SAECVLARES AVGG / II, Lupa ( She-wolf) standing left, looking back to lick her suckling twins, Romulus and Remus.

Ancient Coins of ARABIA Nabataea Petra Caravan Kingdoms Greek & Roman Times


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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS

ALEXANDER the GREAT Ancient Greek Gold Silver Bronze COINS Collecting Guide & Collection

ALEXANDER III the GREAT Ancient Greek Coins COLLECTING GUIDE

The major types of ancient coins of Alexander the Great in Gold, Silver and Bronze

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FJdu_7_h08c

This article is designed to teach about the varieties of ancient Greek coins that are connected with Alexander the Great, including the coins of his lifetime. My name is Ilya Zlobin with eBay store,   Authentic Ancient Greek and Roman Coins,  and I will be your guide to  a time over 2300 years ago.  This article combines examples of ancient coins available in my store, along with a video where I talk more about them. The end result making it easy and fun to learn about and put together a collection of Alexander the Great coins.

The Flow of the Coins in the Video and in this GuideThis guide starts with coins of Philip II , the father of Alexander the Great, dealing with his Olympic games victory in horse racing.  Alexander the Great started his career being a great general fighting side by side with Philip and leading his own flanks in the army. When Alexander inherited the kingdom from his father at his passing, he had a trained veteran army that he learned to command through first-hand experience. It is this army that Alexander the Great used to take over the then-known world in a short time period of his reign of 13 years, dying at 33 years old in ancient Babylon. Moving on to the silver coins of Alexander the Great. Alexander had the large denomination ‘ tetradrachm‘ silver coin. This type of coin was the standard of Greek coinage throughout the ancient Greek world. The coins with Alexander’s name continued to be struck for hundreds of years after Alexander’s passing. There are examples here of his lifetime and beyond and how to tell the difference. Even though I did not have a physical example of a gold coin of Alexander’s, there is a photo of his coin in the video. Next there are the bronze coins of Alexander the Great, with coins starting from the most common to the scarcest.  And last we move on to a coins struck circa 222-235 A.D. almost 500 years after Alexander with is portrait of Macedonia Koinon.

Types of Ancient Coins Illustrated with Photographs of Examples and Descriptions from my eBay store

The book that is the standard reference regarding coins of Alexander the Great is called “The Coinage In the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus” by Martin Jessop Price. The book is shown in the video and below. Scroll on to see the many amazing pictures and descriptions, basically covering all types of Alexander the Great, except a few rare, seldom-seen ones. The pictures of the coins are clickable and you will be able to see the types in my store, if available.  This is a great collection of Alexander the Great coin that can give you a great hands-on experience by watching the video and reading this guide. Enjoy!

Philip II Alexander the Great Dad OLYMPIC GAMES Ancient Greek Coin Horse i28299

Greek King Philip II of Macedon 359-336 B.C. Bronze 15mm (6.55 grams) Struck 359-336 B.C. in the Kingdom of Macedonia Commemorating his Olympic Games Victory Head of Apollo right, hair bound with tainia. Nude athlete on horse prancing right, ΦIΛIΠΠΟΥ above.

* Numismatic Note: Authentic ancient Greek coin of King Philip II of Macedonia, father of Alexander the Great. Intriguing coin referring to his Olympic victory. History and Meaning of the Coin During the times of ancient Greeks, horse racing was one of the events various Greek city-states and kingdoms would have intense competition with each other, as it was of great prestige to participate. Before the time of Philip II, the kingdom of Macedonia was considered barbarian and not Greek. Philip II was the first king of Macedon that was accepted for participation in the event, which was a great honor all in itself. It was an even greater honor that Philip’s horses would go on to win two horse-racing events. In 356 B.C., he won the single horse event and then in 348 B.C. chariot pulled by two horses event. As a way to proudly announce, or what some would say propagandize these honors, Philip II placed a reference to these great victories on his coins struck in all three metals of bronze, silver and gold. The ancient historian, Plutarch, wrote “[Philip of Macedon] … had victories of his chariots at Olympia stamped on his coins.”

Philip II Alexander the Great Dad OLYMPIC GAMES Ancient Greek Coin Horse i55365

Greek King Philip II of Macedon 359-336 B.C. Father of Alexander III the Great Bronze 15mm (6.39 grams) Struck circa 356-336 B.C. in the Kingdom of Macedonia Commemorating his Olympic Games Victory Head of Apollo right, hair bound with tainia. Youth on horse prancing left, ΦIΛIΠΠΟΥ above.

PHILIP II Alexander the Great Dad OLYMPIC GAMES Silver Greek Coin i31177

Greek King Philip II of Macedon 359-336 B.C. Silver Hemidrachm 14mm (2.43 grams) Struck 359-336 B.C. in the Kingdom of Macedonia Commemorating his Olympic Games Victory Head of Apollo right, hair bound with tainia. Nude athlete on horse prancing right, ΦIΛIΠΠΟΥ above.

ALEXANDER III The GREAT 325BC Silver Tetradrachm Ancient Greek Coin ZEUS i55138

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of  Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (17.07 grams) Pella mint, circa 325-315 B.C. Reference: Price 214; (*Note: obverse design like that of Price 3019) Head of Alexander the Great as  Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding  eagle and scepter; Θ below throne.* Numismatic Note: The difference between the coins of the  Tarsos mint and Pella is that there is a rudder in field to left in addition to  the Θ below the throne. However, in this case, what I find striking is that the  obverse head is like that of Price 3019 of Tarsos. This leads me to the  conclusion of the usage of the dies from Tarsos at the mint of Pella, at least  for the obverse design. The portrait type has more of the neck visible as  opposed to just the head. Interesting lifetime or early posthumous type.
Greek Coin of Kingdom of Thrace Lysimachos – King: 323-281 B.C. – Silver Tetradrachm 30mm (16.39 grams) Struck circa 288-281 B.C. Diademed head right of the deified Alexander the Great, wearing the  horn of Ammon. Athena enthroned left, holding Nike; M  in field to left.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT Pella Antigonos II Tetradrachm Silver Greek Coin i46302

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Struck under Antigonos II Gonatas: Macedonian King: 277-239 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (16.80 grams) Pella mint, circa: 275-271 B.C. Reference: Price 621; Müller 230; SNG Copenhagen 713; Mathisen, Administrative VI.6, dies A19/P44 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; Macedonian helmet in field to left; OK monogram below throne.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 120BC OdessosThrace Tetradrachm Silver Greek Coin i44007

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 32mm (15.90 grams) Odessos mint, struck circa: 120-90 B.C. Reference: Price 1181; Callataÿ group 1, (D9/R9); Topalov, Odesos 69. Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; ΘΕ in field to left; monogram below throne.

ALEXANDER the GREAT 90BC Silver Greek Tetradrachm coin of PELLA Macedon i46268

Greek city of Pella in Macedonia Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (16.70 grams) Struck circa 90-75 B.C. Reference: Sear 1439; Price (Coins of the Macedonians) pl. XVI, 84 Head of Alexander the Great right, with horn of Ammon and flowing hair; MAKEΔΟΝΩΝ beneath, B (reversed) behind. AESILLAS / Q. above club between money-chest and quaestor’s chair; all within olive-wreath.

Gold Stater Coin of Alexander the Great

MACEDONIAN KINGDOM. Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC). Gold stater (19mm, 8.55  gm, 1h). Late lifetime / early posthumous issue of Miletus, ca. 323-319 BC. Head  of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with coiled  serpent, hair in parallel corkscrew curls / AΛEΞANΔP[OY], Nike standing left,  holding wreath in right hand and stylis in left arm; monogram in left field,  labrys below right wing. Price 2114. ADM I Series VII, 175a.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 325BC LIFETIME ISSUE Ancient Silver Greek Coin i56034

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of  Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. LIFETIME ISSUE Silver Drachm 16mm (4.13 grams) Miletos mint, struck under Philoxenos, circa  325-323 B.C. Reference: Price 2088; ADM I series I, 32-53; SNG München 581-3; SNG Alpha Bank  627; SNG Saroglos -. Head of Alexander the Great as  Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding  eagle and scepter; thunderbolt in field to  left; ΔH monogram below throne.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 325BC LIFETIME ISSUE Ancient Silver Greek Coin i56035

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of  Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. LIFETIME ISSUE Silver Drachm 17mm (4.16 grams) Abydos mint. Struck under Kalas or Demarchos,  circa 325-323 B.C. Reference: Price 1505; ADM II Series II. Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding  eagle and scepter; forepart of Pegasus in field to  left; monogram below throne.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 325BC LIFETIME ISSUE Ancient Silver Greek Coin i54102

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of  Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. LIFETIME ISSUE Silver Drachm 16mm (4.21 grams) Abydos mint. Struck circa 325-323 B.C. Struck under Kalas or Demarchos Reference: Price 1503; ADM II Series I Head of Alexander the Great as  Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding  eagle and scepter; Hermes standing left,  holding kerykeion (caduceus) in field to left; HI monogram below throne.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 325BC LIFETIME ISSUE Ancient Silver Greek Coin i56032

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of  Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. LIFETIME ISSUE Silver Drachm 15mm (4.18 grams) Miletos mint,  325-323 B.C. Reference: Price 2090; SNG Cop-895 Head of Alexander the Great as  Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding  eagle and scepter; ΔH monogram in field to left.

PHILIP III Macedonian Silver Greek Coin w ALEXANDER the GREAT Face 323BC i37252

King of Macedonian Kingdom Philip III, Arrhidaeus – King of Macedonia: 323-317 B.C. Coin struck in Philip’s name, but in style of coins of Alexander III the Great, 356-323 B.C. King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Silver Drachm 18mm (4.09 grams) Magnesia mint: 323-319 B.C. Reference: Price P56; SNG München 946 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; AI monogram in field to left.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT > Mylasa Caria < Hercules Zeus Silver Greek Coin i55974

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of  Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Silver Drachm 17mm (3.92 grams) Mint of Mylasa in Caria, struck circa 300-280 B.C. Reference: Price 2487 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding  eagle and scepter; monogram within Ω in field to left.

Alexander III the Great 336BC Ancient Greek Coin Hercules Bow Club i30226

Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 16mm (4.22 grams) Struck under Alexander the Great 336-323 B.C. Reference: Sear 6739 var. Head of Alexander III the Great  as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. Hercules’ weapons, bow in bow-case and club, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ in between.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT as HERCULES 325BC Macedonia Ancient Greek Coin i55812

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of  Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Bronze 18mm (5.50 grams) Uncertain mint in Macedonia, struck circa 325-310 B.C. Struck under Antipater, Polyperchon, or Kassander Reference: Sear 6739 var.; Price 376; SNG Alpha Bank 782 Head of Alexander III the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. Bow in bow-case and club (weapons of Hercules), BA in between;  thunderbolt below.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 336BC Miletos Ionia Shield Helmet Greek Coin i50851

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 1/2 Unit 17mm (4.74 grams) Struck at possibly Miletos mint, circa 336-323 B.C. Reference: Price 2064. Macedonian shield with gorgoneion at center. B – A on either side of crested Macedonian helmet, double axe to left; K to right.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 325BC Shield of Macedonia Helmet Greek Coin i55489

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 1/2 Unit 15mm (4.64 grams) Uncertain mint in Macedon. Struck circa 325-310 B.C. Reference: Price 416 Macedonian shield; around, five double crescents with five pellets between each; in centre, thunderbolt. B – A on either side of crested Macedonian helmet, thunderbolt below.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 336BC Hercules Eagle Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i53190

Greek Coin of Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 15mm (4.53 grams) Struck under Alexander the Great 336-323 B.C. Reference: Sear 6743 Alexander III the Great as young Hercules right, clad in lion-skin. ΑΛΕΞΑΝ-ΔΡΟΥ, Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, looking back; leaf in upper field to left.

Alexander III The Great 336BC Ancient Greek Coin APOLLO Healer HORSE i32140

Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 15mm (3.71 grams) Struck under Alexander the Great 336-323 B.C. Reference: Sear 6744; Forrer/Weber 2150 Head of Apollo right, hair bound with tainia. Horse prancing right; ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ above.

RARE Alexander III the GREAT Hercules Shield Coin 336BC Greek Coin i56047

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Bronze 15mm (4.23 grams) Struck circa 336-323 B.C. Reference: Price 2806-2807; SNG Alpha Bank 849 Macedonian shield with head of Hercules 3/4 facing right in center. Crested helmet; grain-ear below, BA across fields.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 336BC Super Rare Shield Helmet Ancient Greek Coin i38104

Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 16mm (3.87 grams) Struck circa 336-323 B.C. Reference: Price 2808 (obverse), Price 2806 (reverse) Macedonian shield with head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right in center. Crested helmet; grain-ear below, BA across fields.

PHILIP III Alexander III the Great Brother 319BC Shield Helmet Greek Coin i50866

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Philip III, Arrhidaeus – King of Macedonia: 323-317 B.C. Bronze 1/2 Unit 15mm (3.51 grams) Sardes mint. Struck under Menander or Kleitos, circa 322-319/8 B.C. Reference: Price 2614 var. (caduceus right, rose on left); Klein 130 var. Macedonian shield, kerykeion on boss. Macedonian helmet; B A across upper field, rose to lower right, kerykeion to lower left, TI below.* Numismatic Note: Very rare coin.

Alexander the Great under Ptolemy I Soter 305BC Ancient Greek Coin Eagle i36668

Greek King Ptolemy I, Soter – 305-283 B.C. of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt – Bronze 23mm (9.87 grams) Struck in Alexandria in Egypt 305-283 B.C. Reference: Sear 7765; B.M.C. 6.21,66 Head of Alexander the Great right wearing an elephant scalp, symbol of his conquest of India. ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 222AD Macedonia Koinon Ancient / Greek Roman Coin i55817

Alexander III the Great:  Macedonian Greek  King: 336-323 B.C. Pseudo-Autonomous Issue under the Romans Bronze 24mm (9.72 grams) from the  Koinon  of Macedonia in Thrace Struck circa time of emperor Severus Alexander, 222-235 A.D. AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose,  flowing hair. KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NЄΩ, Alexander the Great on his  legendary horse, Bucephalus, galloping right with cape flowing behind him and  raising right hand in which he holds a spear.* Numismatic Note: Amazing coin being issued over 500 years  after the death of Alexander the Great, featuring his portrait. Alexander the  Great was and still is a great hero of antiquity showing the amazing effect one  man can have on history in just  short while of just 13 years! Macedonia  was a province under the control of the Romans, which was created out of the  kingdom of Macedonia which Alexander the Great was king of. Interesting to note  that this being a pseudo-autonomous issue featuring Alexander the Great instead  of the Roman emperor of the time.

ALEXANDER the GREAT on BUCEPHALUS Horse Macedonia Koinon Greek Roman Coin i55457

Alexander III the Great:  Macedonian Greek  King: 336-323 B.C. Pseudo-Autonomous Issue under the Romans Bronze 26mm (11.14 grams) from the  Koinon  of Macedonia in Thrace Struck circa time of Severus Alexander, circa 222-235 A.D. Reference: AMNG 565 var. AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose,  flowing hair. KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NЄΩ, Alexander the Great on his  legendary horse, Bucephalus, galloping right with cape flowing behind him and  raising right hand in which he holds a spear.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT Macedonia Koinon Ancient Greek coin under ROMANS i55093

Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great – King of  Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Bronze 25mm (11.25 grams) of Macedonia Koinon in Thrace under the Roman Emperor Gordian III, 238-244 A.D. AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose,  flowing hair. KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN B NЄΩ ◦ЄOC◦,  Two hexastyle (6 column) temples viewed from the front.

ALEXANDER III the GREAT Olympic type Games Koinon Macedonia Ancient Coin i27404

Alexander III, the Great: Macedonian Greek King: 336-323 B.C. Roman Era, Olympic-Style Games Issue Bronze 27mm (13.00 grams) from the Koinon of Macedonia in Thrace under Roman Control Struck circa 222-235 A.D. under the reign of Roman Emperor Severus Alexander AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right as Hercules, wearing lion-skin headdress. KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NЄΩKO B, Agonistic prize table with two urns atop, each containing a palm branch which was a symbol for victory; amphora (vase) below table; B above table.


ALEXANDER III the GREAT Ancient Greek Coins COLLECTING GUIDE to Types in Gold Silver & Bronze


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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS


Gold Silver Ancient Coin Dealer Expert in New York City of NYC Area with Online Shop

Gold Silver Ancient Coin Dealer Expert in New York City of NYC Area with Online Shop

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yEwFQ5YtEfE

http://goldsilvercoindealernewyorkcity.com/ for access to great resources such as my online coin shop selling authentic ancient Greek, Roman, Biblical, Byzantine, World Numismatic coins and beyond. Selection of over 15,000 ancient and even modern coins, in all types of metals such as Gold, Silver, Bronze and more. Learn more about ancient coins on my website. I have credentials of over 16,000 100% feedbacks from buyers worldwide. I don’t have a physical coin store for you to visit, but I have so much more with my online coin shop. I provide also a lifetime guarantee of authenticity and a beautiful certificate of authenticity with all of my coins. There is also a 30 Day Unconditional money-back satisfaction guarantee I provide. My goal is to have returning customers for a lifetime and you will see why from your own personal experience why people love coming back for their coin collecting needs.

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My main focus is numismatic ancient Greek, Roman, Biblical (coins of the bible), Byzantine, Medieval coins and artifacts. Click on the categories in my list below where I list the different types of coins available.

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Julius Caesar Silver Coin featured on Pawn Stars from History Channel TV Show 2000 Year Old Roman Coin

Julius Caesar Silver Coin featured on Pawn Stars from History Channel TV Show

Learn more about the portrait coin featured on television from the last month of Julius Caesar’s life

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8vTKZIcAzpc

This is the Julius Caesar coin that was featured on the famous television show called Pawn Stars. I made this article to tie in all the different videos I have on the topic of ancient Greek and Roman coins. I did not wind up selling the coin as the proprietor Rick did a low-ball offer on my coin, you can watch the episode here, called Rick the Emperor.

Click here to see the Caesar ancient coin if it is still available for sale in my eBay store.

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Authentic Ancient  Coin of:

Julius Caesar – Roman Dictator –
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.89 grams) Struck at the mint of Rome February-March 44  B.C.
P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer
Reference: RSC 40; B. 48; B.M.C. 4175; Syd. 1074a; Craw. 480/14
CAESAR DICT PERPETVO, laureate and veiled of Julius Caesar head right.
P . SEPVLLIVS MACER, Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter,  star set on ground to right.

On this coin, Julius Caesar breaks tradition of prohibiting the portraying of  living individuals on Roman coins by showing his own portrait on it. It was  considered a practice of Eastern Greek monarchs rather than the Republic that  Rome was still supposed to be. This could have been seen as a clear sign of  Julius Caesar styling himself after king issuing such a coin. This coin, along  with other factors may have been what culminated in the assassination of Julius  Caesar on March 15, 44 B.C. Venus was the patron-goddess of Julius Caesar, and  also the goddess whom his family traces it’s decent from, and therefore she is  pictured here holding the goddess of Victory. The interesting thing about this  coin is that it features a lifetime portrait of Julius Caesar in the short time  that he issued this coin before being assassinated. Being minted for only a  short time February to March of 44 B.C., this is a historically significant coin  and a must-have key piece for an ancient coin collection. The portrait of Julius  Caesar was used by historical personages such as Mark Antony and Augustus (first  Roman emperor) after his death as a tool to assume the political power and love  the people had towards Caesar. The portrait coins that were issued during the  lifetime of Julius Caesar, therefore, as they are scarcer in number than many of  his other issues, and being minted for a very short time is something of great  historical value as being from a key historical point that has echoed to our  times and made Western Civilization the way it is today.



Julius Caesar Silver Coin featured on Pawn Stars from History Channel TV Show


Ancient Coins Download this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, http://www.trustedancientcoins.com/articles/ or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS